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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

On the roles of AA15 lytic polysaccharide monooxygenases derived from the termite Coptotermes gestroi

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Franco Cairo, Joao Paulo L. [1, 2, 3] ; Cannella, David [4] ; Oliveira, Leandro C. [5] ; Goncalves, Thiago A. [1, 2] ; Rubio, Marcelo V. [1] ; Terrasan, Cesar R. F. [1] ; Tramontina, Robson [2] ; Mofatto, Luciana S. [6] ; Carazzolle, Marcelo F. [6] ; Garcia, Wanius [7] ; Felby, Claus [8] ; Damasio, Andre [1, 9] ; Walton, Paul H. [3] ; Squina, Fabio [2]
Total Authors: 14
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Dept Biochem & Tissue Biol, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sorocaba UNISO, Programa Proc Tecnol & Ambientais, Sorocaba, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ York, Dept Chem, York, N Yorkshire - England
[4] Univ Libre Bruxelles, Interfac Sch Bioengineers, PhotoBioCatalysis Unit, Crop Prod & Biocatalysis CPBL, Biomass Transformat, Brussels - Belgium
[5] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Dept Phys, Inst Biosci Humanities & Exact Sci, Sao Jose Do Rio Preto, SP - Brazil
[6] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Dept Genet Evolut & Bioagents, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[7] Univ Fed ABC UFABC, Ctr Ciencias Nat & Humanas, Santo Andre, SP - Brazil
[8] Univ Copenhagen, Dept Geosci & Nat Resource Management, Fac Sci, Frederiksberg C - Denmark
[9] Sao Paulo Fungal Grp, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 9
Document type: Review article
Source: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry; v. 216, MAR 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 1

Lytic polysaccharide monooxygenases (LPMOs) are copper-dependent enzymes which catalyze the oxidative cleavage of polysaccharides. LPMOs belonging to family 15 in the Auxiliary Activity (AA) class from the Carbohydrate-Active Enzyme database are found widespread across the Tree of Life, including viruses, algae, oomycetes and animals. Recently, two AA15s from the firebrat Thermobia domestica were reported to have oxidative activity, one towards cellulose or chitin and the other towards chitin, signalling that AA15 LPMOs from insects potentially have different biochemical functions. Herein, we report the identification and characterization of two family AA15 members from the lower termite Coptotermes gestroi. Addition of Cu(II) to CgAA15a or CgAA15b had a thermostabilizing effect on both. Using ascorbate and O2 as co-substrates, CgAA15a and CgAA15b were able to oxidize chitin, but showed no activity on celluloses, xylan, xyloglucan and starch. Structural models indicate that the LPMOs from C. gestroi (CgAA15a/CgAA15b) have a similar fold but exhibit key differences in the catalytic site residues when compared to the cellulose/chitin-active LPMO from T. domestica (TdAA15a), especially the presence of a non-coordinating phenylalanine nearby the Cu ion in CgAA15a/b, which appears as a tyrosine in the active site of TdAA15a. Despite the overall similarity in protein folds, however, mutation of the active site phenylalanine in CgAA15a to a tyrosine did not expanded the enzymatic specificity from chitin to cellulose. Our data show that CgAA15a/b enzymes are likely not involved in lignocellulose digestion but might play a role in termite developmental processes as well as on chitin and nitrogen metabolisms. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/17275-3 - Studies of the mode of action of two lytic polysaccharide monooxygenases from insect (order: isoptera): molecular structure, bioinorganic chemistry and biotechnological applications
Grantee:Wanius José Garcia da Silva
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 16/09950-0 - Functional, structural characterizations and biotechnological application of lytic polysaccharide monooxygenases from the lower termite Coptotermes gestroi
Grantee:João Paulo Lourenço Franco Cairo
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 15/50590-4 - Lignin valorization in cellulosic ethanol plants: biocatalytic conversion via ferulic acid to high value chemicals
Grantee:Fábio Márcio Squina
Support type: Program for Research on Bioenergy (BIOEN) - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 17/11952-3 - Spectroscopic and Structural Studies on Termite LPMOs
Grantee:João Paulo Lourenço Franco Cairo
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Post-doctor
FAPESP's process: 15/50612-8 - An integrated approach to explore a novel paradigm for biofuel production from lignocellulosic feedstocks
Grantee:Telma Teixeira Franco
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 17/22669-0 - N-glycosylation and enzymes secretion in filamentous fungi
Grantee:André Ricardo de Lima Damasio
Support type: Program for Research on Bioenergy (BIOEN) - Regular Program Grants
FAPESP's process: 17/16089-1 - Production of lignin chains, metagenomic screening and biocatalytic conversion of lignin to ferulic acid
Grantee:Thiago Augusto Gonçalves
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate