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Built environment, physical activity and nutritional status in adults: a longitudinal study

Grant number: 17/17049-3
Support Opportunities:Research Projects - Thematic Grants
Duration: February 01, 2019 - January 31, 2025
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Physical Education
Principal Investigator:Alex Antonio Florindo
Grantee:Alex Antonio Florindo
Host Institution: Escola de Artes, Ciências e Humanidades (EACH). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated researchers: Adriano Akira Ferreira Hino ; Amélia Augusta de Lima Friche ; ANDREA TUCHTENHAGEN WENDT ; Billie Giles-Corti ; Caroline Ramos de Moura Silva ; Chester Luiz Galvão Cesar ; Clarice Maria de lucena Martins ; Douglas Roque Andrade ; Flávia Mori Sarti ; Gavin Turrell ; Gregore Iven Mielke ; Jamile Sanches Codogno ; Jenna Panter ; Jorge Augusto Pinto da Silva Mota ; Leandro Martin Totaro Garcia ; Ligia Vizeu Barrozo ; Louise Foley ; Lucy Gunn ; Marcelo Batista Nery ; Maria Paula Santos ; Moisés Goldbaum ; Paulo Henrique de Araújo Guerra ; Pedro Rodrigues Curi Hallal ; Regina Mara Fisberg ; Ricardo Ricci Uvinha ; Roberta Consentino Kronka Mülfarth ; Rodrigo Siqueira Reis ; Suzanne Mavoa ; Thomas Astell-Burt ; Vanilde de Castro ; Waleska Teixeira Caiaffa ; Xiaoqi Feng
Associated scholarship(s):23/03234-4 - Evaluation of the built environment for physical activity in the city of São Paulo by audits, BP.TT
22/00692-9 - Cost-effectiveness analysis of built environment variables with physical activity and nutritional status in adults, BP.PD
21/07036-7 - Opinion of policy makers and non-governmental organizations on built environment indicators for the physical activity promotion in Sao Paulo city, BP.TT
+ associated scholarships 21/03277-0 - Analysis of the association between the maintenance of healthy body weight with built environment variables in adults, BP.DD
21/01113-0 - Evaluation of built environment by Google Earth images, BP.IC
20/01823-4 - Built Environment, Physical Activity and Nutritional Status in Adults: A Longitudinal Study, BP.TT
20/01312-0 - Associations between built environment indicators with the practice of physical activity in leisure-time and as a form of transportation in adults living in São Paulo City, BP.PD
19/11366-2 - Built environment, physical activity and nutritional status in adults: a longitudinal study, BP.TT - associated scholarships

Abstract

Aim: To examine if built environment is associated with changes in leisure-time physical activity, in physical activity as transportation, and with nutritional status in adults living in Sao Paulo city. Methods: Cohort study that will use baseline of Sao Paulo Health Survey that was conducted in 2014-2015. The sample was done by cluster and 3,406 adults with 18 years or older from 150 Census Tracts of the five health administrative areas (30 Census Tracts by area) were interviewed. Physical activity was evaluated by questionnaires and the nutritional status by body mass index with self-report of weight and height. The address of 3,145 adults (92.5% of total) was geocoded and buffers were constructed around the homes (500, 1,000, and 1,500 meters) with built environment variables collected by official sites of municipality government and demographic Census of 2010. From 2019 will be conducting the second survey in households for physical activity evaluation by questionnaires and by accelerometers and the new self-report of weight and height. The update of built environment variables and also will be conducted the audit evaluation around the home address. The plan is interview at least 70% of adults that had geocoded address (n=2,201). Will be conducted the cost-effectiveness analysis to examining the possibilities of public policies and programs to promote physical activity and preventive maintenance of healthy weight. Data Analysis: The outcomes will be leisure time physical activity, transportation physical activity, moderate and vigorous physical activity, sedentary behaviour, and body mass index to calculate overweight and obesity. The exposure variables will be the built environment within buffers. For statistical analysis will be used multilevel regression models using clusters of households and census tracts. (AU)

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Scientific publications (4)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
FLORINDO, ALEX ANTONIO; TEIXEIRA, INAIAN PIGNATTI; BARROZO, LIGIA VIZEU; SARTI, FLAVIA MORI; FISBERG, REGINA MARA; ANDRADE, DOUGLAS ROQUE; TOTARO GARCIA, LEANDRO MARTIN. Study protocol: health survey of Sao Paulo: ISA-Physical Activity and Environment. BMC PUBLIC HEALTH, v. 21, n. 1, . (17/17049-3)
FLORINDO, ALEX ANTONIO; TURRELL, GAVIN; TOTARO GARCIA, LEANDRO MARTIN; DOS ANJOS SOUZA BARBOSA, JOAO PAULO; CRUZ, MICHELE SANTOS; FAILLA, MARCELO ANTUNES; DE AGUIAR, BRENO SOUZA; BARROZO, LIGIA VIZEU; GOLDBAUM, MOISES. Mix of destinations and sedentary behavior among Brazilian adults: a cross-sectional study. BMC PUBLIC HEALTH, v. 21, n. 1, . (17/17049-3, 12/22113-9)
FLORINDO, ALEX ANTONIO; ONITA, BIANCA MITIE; KNEBEL, MARGARETHE THAISI GARRO; WANDERLEY, RILDO DE SOUZA; TEIXEIRA, INAIAN PIGNATTI; TURRELL, GAVIN. Public Open Spaces and Leisure-Time Walking: A Longitudinal Study With Brazilian People in the COVID-19 Pandemic. JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY & HEALTH, v. N/A, p. 7-pg., . (20/01312-0, 21/03277-0, 17/17049-3, 22/00692-9)
INAIAN PIGNATTI TEIXEIRA; JAQUELINE LOPES PEREIRA; JOÃO PAULO DOS ANJOS SOUZA BARBOSA; ALINE VERONEZE DE MELLO; BIANCA MITIE ONITA; REGINA MARA FISBERG; ALEX ANTONIO FLORINDO. Validade da massa corporal e da estatura autorreferidas: relações com sexo, idade, atividade física e fatores de risco cardiometabólicos. Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, v. 24, . (17/17049-3, 20/01312-0, 12/22113-9, 17/05125-7)

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