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Exploring the universe: from the galaxies formation to Earth-like planets with the Giant Magellan Telescope

Grant number: 11/51680-6
Support type:Special Projects
Duration: December 01, 2014 - November 30, 2024
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Astronomy
Principal Investigator:João Evangelista Steiner
Grantee:João Evangelista Steiner
Home Institution: Instituto de Astronomia, Geofísica e Ciências Atmosféricas (IAG). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Co-Principal Investigators:Augusto Damineli Neto ; Claudia Lucia Mendes de Oliveira ; Laerte Sodré Junior
Associated grant(s):18/02444-7 - The dawn of galaxy formation, AV.BR
Associated scholarship(s):18/20977-2 - Identification of giant stars for mapping our galaxy in the S-PLUS survey, BP.PD
19/01312-2 - Stellar populations of galaxies in the Hydra cluster: an IFU-like approach, BP.DD
18/20743-1 - GMT primary mirror control under actuator influence function uncertainties, BE.PQ
+ associated scholarships 18/20500-1 - Software tools, modeling and implementation, BP.TT
18/19398-8 - Support for astronomical instrumentation software, BP.TT
18/20924-6 - Software Engineering applied to the new generation of astronomical instrumentation, BP.TT
18/16772-6 - Simulations of galaxy clusters collisions, BP.IC
18/21661-9 - Cataloguing variable sources and IFU-like science with multiband surveys, BP.PD
17/24644-5 - Development of software in adaptive optics, BP.TT
17/18849-3 - A search for galaxy clusters and quasars using S-PLUS and WIZE and development of general tools for S-PLUS, BE.PQ
17/18733-5 - Nuclear emission-line properties of nearby galaxies: a complete sample survey, BP.PD
17/17702-9 - Adaptive optics in the context of GMT, BP.PD
16/21664-2 - The Southern-Physics of the local universe survey: calibration, cataloguing and scientific exploitation, BP.PD
16/12331-0 - Galaxy evolution in different environments using spatially resolved kinematics and stellar populations, BP.PD
16/16844-1 - Systems Engineering for GMACS: GMT AT-13 Project , BP.PD
14/11806-9 - Challenges for the new generation of wide-field photometric redshift surveys like J-PAS, BP.PD
13/26591-5 - Optimization of galaxy power spectrum estimation on large scales, BP.PD
13/04582-4 - Tracing the origin of lenticular galaxies using information from kinematics and stellar populations, BP.PD
12/21350-7 - Nuclear and circumnuclear low ionization emission in massive galaxies, BP.PD
12/09716-6 - Accurate distances to young clusters through massive eclipsing binaries, BP.PD
12/20364-4 - Beyond dust survival: the inner regions of protoplanetary disks, BP.PD
12/13381-0 - Exploring the impact of environmental processes on Clusters and Groups of Galaxies, BP.PD
12/02268-8 - Galactic nuclei in the local universe: supermassive black holes and stellar archeology of galaxies of high and low masses, BP.PD - associated scholarships
FAPESP publication:http://media.fapesp.br/bv/uploads/pdfs/astronomia_8dgZQbx_15_16.pdf

Abstract

Astronomy in the 21st century continues to be a vibrant science; the more so as each decade passes. With the new generation of telescopes that is being currently planned, it will be possible to look for habitable Earth-like planets; to the inner regions of circumstellar disks, revealing the mechanisms that drive planetary and stellar formation; to resolve dense stellar populations in the Milky Way and in other galaxies, determining their chemical and dynamical evolution; to study the formation of the cosmic web of galaxies and clusters at their birth; to detect the first objects that illuminated and re-ionized the Universe after the dark ages; to track the growth of supermassive black holes and their impact on the evolution of galaxies; to understand the nature of dark matter and dark energy, which represent such a large fraction of the known universe; as well as addressing many other critical issues which are only hinted at by our present day knowledge. Instruments that allow these studies demand advanced technologies with unavoidably high costs: the ELT generation of Extremely Large Telescopes. The proposal presented here details a plan for the State of São Paulo to participate at a 5% level in the Giant Magellan Telescope (GMT) consortium. The 25m diameter ELT mirror will open up new horizons in almost all astronomical subjects of interest today. It will access a volume of the universe 30 times larger than the present day generation of very large, 8-10m class, telescopes, giving it 3-4 times higher fidelity in the quality of its images. A 5% (40 million USD over 10 years) share in the GMT project will bring unique opportunities of scientific discoveries for Brazilian scientists, attracting bright new talents to the field, resulting in a leap in the breadth and depth of our communities participation in this truly global endeavor thereby stimulating our industries in innovation through joint international ventures. This will represent the emergence of Brazilian science as a global player on the world stage. (AU)

Articles published in Agência FAPESP about the research grant
Astronomers find evidence of a planet with a mass almost 13 times that of Jupiter 
São Paulo School of Advanced Science on First Light is open for registration 
Construction of Giant Magellan Telescope advances in Chile 
Premature death of star is confirmed by astronomers 
International consortium approves construction of Giant Magellan Telescope 

Scientific publications (23)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
ALMEIDA, L. A.; DE ALMEIDA, L.; DAMINELI, A.; RODRIGUES, V, C.; CASTRO, M.; LOPES, C. E. FERREIRA; JABLONSKI, F.; DO NASCIMENTO JR, J-D; PEREIRA, M. G. Orbital Period Variation of KIC 10544976: Applegate Mechanism versus Light Travel Time Effect. ASTRONOMICAL JOURNAL, v. 157, n. 4 APR 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.
DAMINELI, A.; FERNANDEZ-LAJUS, E.; ALMEIDA, L. A.; CORCORAN, M. F.; DAMINELI, D. S. C.; GULL, T. R.; HAMAGUCHI, K.; HILLIER, D. J.; JABLONSKI, F. J.; MADURA, T. I.; MOFFAT, A. F. J.; NAVARETE, F.; RICHARDSON, N. D.; RUIZ, G. F.; SALERNO, N. E.; SCALIA, M. C.; WEIGELT, G. Distinguishing circumstellar from stellar photometric variability in Eta Carinae. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, v. 484, n. 1, p. 1325-1346, MAR 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.
MENEZES, R. B.; RICCI, T. V.; STEINER, J. E.; DA SILVA, PATRICIA; FERRARI, FABRICIO; BORGES, B. W. A treatment procedure for GMOS/IFU data cubes: application to NGC 2835. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, v. 483, n. 3, p. 3700-3717, MAR 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.
MOLINO, A.; COSTA-DUARTE, M. V.; MENDES DE OLIVEIRA, C.; CENARRO, A. J.; LIMA NETO, G. B.; CYPRIANO, E. S.; SODRE, JR., L.; COELHO, P.; CHOW-MARTINEZ, M.; MONTEIRO-OLIVEIRA, R.; SAMPEDRO, L.; CRISTOBAL-HORNILLOS, D.; VARELA, J.; EDEROCLITE, A.; CHIES-SANTOS, A. L.; SCHOENELL, W.; RIBEIRO, T.; MARIN-FRANCH, A.; LOPEZ-SANJUAN, C.; HERNANDEZ-FERNANDEZ, J. D.; CORTESI, A.; VAZQUEZ RAMIO, H.; SANTOS, JR., W.; CIBIRKA, N.; NOVAIS, P.; PEREIRA, E.; HERNANDEZ-JIMENEZ, J. A.; JIMENEZ-TEJA, Y.; MOLES, M.; BENITEZ, N.; DUPKE, R. J-PLUS: On the identification of new cluster members in the double galaxy cluster A2589 and A2593 using PDFs. Astronomy & Astrophysics, v. 622, FEB 21 2019. Web of Science Citations: 5.
MELLO, ALEXANDRE J. T. S.; BOUCHEZ, ANTONIN H.; SZENTGYORGYI, ANDREW; VAN DAM, MARCOS A.; LUPINARI, HENRIQUE. Application of adaptive optics for illumination stability in precision radial velocity measurements in astronomical spectroscopy. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, v. 481, n. 3, p. 3804-3809, DEC 2018. Web of Science Citations: 0.
MENEZES, R. B.; STEINER, J. E. Double Nuclei in NGC 908 and NGC 1187. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, v. 868, n. 1 NOV 20 2018. Web of Science Citations: 0.
HILKER, M.; RICHTLER, T.; BARBOSA, C. E.; ARNABOLDI, M.; COCCATO, L.; DE OLIVEIRA, C. MENDES. The Hydra I cluster core II. Kinematic complexity in a rising velocity dispersion profile around the cD galaxy NGC3311. Astronomy & Astrophysics, v. 619, NOV 13 2018. Web of Science Citations: 2.
DA SILVA, PATRICIA; STEINER, J. E.; MENEZES, R. B. NGC 6744: A Nearby Milky Way Twin with a Very Low-luminosity AGN. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, v. 861, n. 2 JUL 10 2018. Web of Science Citations: 0.
RICCI, T. V.; STEINER, J. E.; MAY, D.; GARCIA-RISSMANN, A.; MENEZES, R. B. Optical and near-infrared IFU spectroscopy of the nuclear region of the AGN-starburst galaxy NGC 7582. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, v. 473, n. 4, p. 5334-5351, FEB 2018. Web of Science Citations: 0.
MENEZES, R. B.; DA SILVA, PATRICIA; STEINER, J. E. The molecular H-2 and stellar discs in the nuclear region of NGC 4258. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, v. 473, n. 2, p. 2198-2211, JAN 2018. Web of Science Citations: 1.
ALMEIDA, L. A.; DAMINELI, A.; RODRIGUES, C. V.; PEREIRA, M. G.; JABLONSKI, F. HS 2231+2441: an HW Vir system composed of a low-mass white dwarf and a brown dwarf. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, v. 472, n. 3, p. 3093-3100, DEC 2017. Web of Science Citations: 0.
DA SILVA, PATRICIA; STEINER, J. E.; MENEZES, R. B. NGC 1566: analysis of the nuclear region from optical and near-infrared Integral Field Unit spectroscopy. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, v. 470, n. 4, p. 3850-3876, OCT 2017. Web of Science Citations: 4.
MAY, D.; STEINER, J. E. A two-stage outflow in NGC 1068. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, v. 469, n. 1, p. 994-1025, JUL 2017. Web of Science Citations: 2.
MENEZES, R. B.; STEINER, J. E. The emission-line regions in the nucleus of NGC 1313 probed with GMOS-IFU: a supergiant/hypergiant candidate and a kinematically cold nucleus. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, v. 466, n. 1, p. 749-761, APR 2017. Web of Science Citations: 0.
PINEDA, JUAN C. B.; HAYWARD, CHRISTOPHER C.; SPRINGEL, VOLKER; DE OLIVEIRA, CLAUDIA MENDES. Rotation curve fitting and its fatal attraction to cores in realistically simulated galaxy observations. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, v. 466, n. 1, p. 63-87, APR 2017. Web of Science Citations: 20.
DAMINELI, A.; ALMEIDA, L. A.; BLUM, R. D.; DAMINELI, D. S. C.; NAVARETE, F.; RUBINHO, M. S.; TEODORO, M. Extinction law in the range 0.4-4.8 mu m and the 8620 angstrom DIB towards the stellar cluster Westerlund 1. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, v. 463, n. 3, p. 2653-2666, DEC 2016. Web of Science Citations: 8.
RICCI, T. V.; STEINER, J. E.; MENEZES, R. B. IFU spectroscopy of 10 early-type galactic nuclei - IV. Properties of the circumnuclear stellar kinematics. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, v. 463, n. 4, p. 3860-3875, DEC 2016. Web of Science Citations: 1.
RICHARDSON, NOEL D.; MADURA, THOMAS I.; ST-JEAN, LUCAS; MOFFAT, ANTHONY F. J.; GULL, THEODORE R.; RUSSELL, CHRISTOPHER M. P.; DAMINELI, AUGUSTO; TEODORO, MAIRAN; CORCORAN, MICHAEL F.; WALTER, FREDERICK M.; CLEMENTEL, NICOLA; GROH, JOSE H.; HAMAGUCHI, KENJI; HILLIER, D. JOHN. To v(infinity) and beyond! The He I absorption variability across the 2014.6 periastron passage of eta Carinae. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, v. 461, n. 3, p. 2540-2558, SEP 21 2016. Web of Science Citations: 10.
MAY, D.; STEINER, J. E.; RICCI, T. V.; MENEZES, R. B.; ANDRADE, I. S. Digging process in NGC 6951: the molecular disc bumped by the jet. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, v. 457, n. 1, p. 949-970, MAR 21 2016. Web of Science Citations: 4.
TEODORO, M.; DAMINELI, A.; HEATHCOTE, B.; RICHARDSON, N. D.; MOFFAT, A. F. J.; ST-JEAN, L.; RUSSELL, C.; GULL, T. R.; MADURA, T. I.; POLLARD, K.; WALTER, F.; COIMBRA, A.; PRATES, R.; FERNANDEZ-LAJUS, E.; GAMEN, R. C.; HICKEL, G.; HENRIQUE, W.; NAVARETE, F.; ANDRADE, T.; JABLONSKI, F.; LUCKAS, P.; LOCKE, M.; POWLES, J.; BOHLSENI, T.; CHINII, R.; CORCORAN, M. F.; HAMAGUCHI, K.; GROH, J. H.; HILLIER, D. J.; WEIGELT, G. He II lambda 4686 EMISSION FROM THE MASSIVE BINARY SYSTEM IN eta CAR: CONSTRAINTS TO THE ORBITAL ELEMENTS AND THE NATURE OF THE PERIODIC MINIMA. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, v. 819, n. 2 MAR 10 2016. Web of Science Citations: 17.
MENEZES, R. B.; STEINER, J. E.; DA SILVA, PATRICIA. THE OFF-CENTERED SEYFERT-LIKE COMPACT EMISSION IN THE NUCLEAR REGION OF NGC 3621. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, v. 817, n. 2 FEB 1 2016. Web of Science Citations: 3.
RICCI, T. V.; STEINER, J. E.; MENEZES, R. B. IFU spectroscopy of 10 early-type galactic nuclei - III. Properties of the circumnuclear gas emission. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, v. 451, n. 4, p. 3728-3758, AUG 21 2015. Web of Science Citations: 9.
MENEZES, R. B.; STEINER, J. E. THE MOLECULAR H-2 EMISSION AND THE STELLAR KINEMATICS IN THE NUCLEAR REGION OF THE SOMBRERO GALAXY. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, v. 808, n. 1 JUL 20 2015. Web of Science Citations: 3.

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