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Exploring the universe: from the galaxies formation to Earth-like planets with the Giant Magellan Telescope

Grant number: 11/51680-6
Support type:Special Projects
Duration: December 01, 2014 - November 30, 2024
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Astronomy
Principal Investigator:João Evangelista Steiner
Grantee:João Evangelista Steiner
Home Institution: Instituto de Astronomia, Geofísica e Ciências Atmosféricas (IAG). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo, SP, Brazil
Co-Principal Investigators:Augusto Damineli Neto ; Claudia Lucia Mendes de Oliveira ; Laerte Sodré Junior
Associated grant(s):18/02444-7 - The dawn of galaxy formation, AV.BR
Associated scholarship(s):18/20977-2 - Identification of giant stars for mapping our galaxy in the S-PLUS survey, BP.PD
19/01312-2 - Stellar populations of galaxies in the Hydra cluster: an IFU-like approach, BP.DD
18/20743-1 - GMT primary mirror control under actuator influence function uncertainties, BE.PQ
+ associated scholarships 18/20500-1 - Software tools, modeling and implementation, BP.TT
18/19398-8 - Support for astronomical instrumentation software, BP.TT
18/16772-6 - Simulations of galaxy clusters collisions, BP.IC
18/21661-9 - Cataloguing variable sources and IFU-like science with multiband surveys, BP.PD
18/20924-6 - Software Engineering applied to the new generation of astronomical instrumentation, BP.TT
17/24644-5 - Development of software in adaptive optics, BP.TT
17/18849-3 - A search for galaxy clusters and quasars using S-PLUS and WIZE and development of general tools for S-PLUS, BE.PQ
17/17702-9 - Adaptive optics in the context of GMT, BP.PD
17/18733-5 - Nuclear emission-line properties of nearby galaxies: a complete sample survey, BP.PD
16/21664-2 - The Southern-Physics of the local universe survey: calibration, cataloguing and scientific exploitation, BP.PD
16/12331-0 - Galaxy evolution in different environments using spatially resolved kinematics and stellar populations, BP.PD
16/16844-1 - Systems Engineering for GMACS: GMT AT-13 Project , BP.PD
14/11806-9 - Challenges for the new generation of wide-field photometric redshift surveys like J-PAS, BP.PD
13/26591-5 - Optimization of galaxy power spectrum estimation on large scales, BP.PD
13/04582-4 - Tracing the origin of lenticular galaxies using information from kinematics and stellar populations, BP.PD
12/21350-7 - Nuclear and circumnuclear low ionization emission in massive galaxies, BP.PD
12/20364-4 - Beyond dust survival: the inner regions of protoplanetary disks, BP.PD
12/09716-6 - Accurate distances to young clusters through massive eclipsing binaries, BP.PD
12/13381-0 - Exploring the impact of environmental processes on Clusters and Groups of Galaxies, BP.PD
12/02268-8 - Galactic nuclei in the local universe: supermassive black holes and stellar archeology of galaxies of high and low masses, BP.PD - associated scholarships
FAPESP publication:http://media.fapesp.br/bv/uploads/pdfs/astronomia_8dgZQbx_15_16.pdf

Abstract

Astronomy in the 21st century continues to be a vibrant science; the more so as each decade passes. With the new generation of telescopes that is being currently planned, it will be possible to look for habitable Earth-like planets; to the inner regions of circumstellar disks, revealing the mechanisms that drive planetary and stellar formation; to resolve dense stellar populations in the Milky Way and in other galaxies, determining their chemical and dynamical evolution; to study the formation of the cosmic web of galaxies and clusters at their birth; to detect the first objects that illuminated and re-ionized the Universe after the dark ages; to track the growth of supermassive black holes and their impact on the evolution of galaxies; to understand the nature of dark matter and dark energy, which represent such a large fraction of the known universe; as well as addressing many other critical issues which are only hinted at by our present day knowledge. Instruments that allow these studies demand advanced technologies with unavoidably high costs: the ELT generation of Extremely Large Telescopes. The proposal presented here details a plan for the State of São Paulo to participate at a 5% level in the Giant Magellan Telescope (GMT) consortium. The 25m diameter ELT mirror will open up new horizons in almost all astronomical subjects of interest today. It will access a volume of the universe 30 times larger than the present day generation of very large, 8-10m class, telescopes, giving it 3-4 times higher fidelity in the quality of its images. A 5% (40 million USD over 10 years) share in the GMT project will bring unique opportunities of scientific discoveries for Brazilian scientists, attracting bright new talents to the field, resulting in a leap in the breadth and depth of our communities participation in this truly global endeavor thereby stimulating our industries in innovation through joint international ventures. This will represent the emergence of Brazilian science as a global player on the world stage. (AU)

Articles published in Agência FAPESP about the research grant
Astronomers find evidence of a planet with a mass almost 13 times that of Jupiter 
São Paulo School of Advanced Science on First Light is open for registration 
Construction of Giant Magellan Telescope advances in Chile 
Premature death of star is confirmed by astronomers 
International consortium approves construction of Giant Magellan Telescope 
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