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The effect of fragmentation on primate ecological functions

Grant number: 14/14739-0
Support type:Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants
Duration: April 01, 2015 - June 30, 2020
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Ecology
Principal researcher:Laurence Marianne Vincianne Culot
Grantee:Laurence Marianne Vincianne Culot
Home Institution: Instituto de Biociências (IB). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Rio Claro. Rio Claro , SP, Brazil
Assoc. researchers: Bialozyt Ronald ; Eckhard Walter Heymann ; Luca Börger ; Milton Cezar Ribeiro ; Olívia de Mendonça Furtado Pimenta
Associated scholarship(s):19/11102-5 - The effect of fragmentation on the ecological functions of primates, BP.TT
17/11962-9 - Habitat use, movement patterns and energy expenditure of black lion tamarins (Leontopithecus chrysopygus) in response to landscape fragmentation, BP.DR
18/12391-8 - Secondary seed dispersal by dung beetles of seeds defecated by black lion tamarin (Leontopithecus chrysopygus), BP.IC
+ associated scholarships 18/15625-0 - Modeling of the movement and seed rain of the black lion tamarin (Leontopithecus chrysopygus), BP.MS
18/09331-3 - Effect of fragmentation on the ecological role of primates, BP.TT
17/07954-0 - The influence of primate functional groups on post-dispersal seed fate and conservation outcomes, BP.PD
17/08440-0 - Antropic disturbances and the seed dispersal service by primates: the case of the state of São Paulo, BP.IC
17/06608-1 - Sleeping sites selection by black lion tamarins: a comparison between continuous forest and fragment, BP.MS - associated scholarships

Abstract

Habitat fragmentation is one of the major threats to biodiversity the impacts of which is usually measured by species richness. However, changes in species richness do not inform about the consequences on ecosystem functioning and other measures, such as functional diversity, are needed. Primates represent between 25 and 40% of tropical frugivore biomass and are considered to play a key role in forest maintenance and regeneration through their seed dispersal function. Despite providing important ecosystem services, little is known about the consequences of primate extinctions on ecosystem functioning. Working at three spatial scales, this project aims at determining 1) the inter-continental differences of the effects of forest fragmentation on primate functional diversity, 2) how does forest fragmentation affect more particularly the primates of the Brazilian Atlantic forest, and 3) whether seed dispersal services provided by primates living in fragments are disrupted by fragmentation through ecological, behavioral and physiological changes. The two first questions will be answered by using functional diversity indices and a large database of occurrence and functional traits of the primates in fragments around the world. At the smallest scale, the black-lion-tamarin, Leontopithecus chrysopygus, whose habitat is one of the most fragmented among primates of the Atlantic Forest, will be used as a model. Their seed dispersal effectiveness and stress level will be compared between fragments and a continuous forest and linked to ecological and behavioral data. Three wild groups will be followed to gather data on home range use, diet, time budget and seed dispersal that will allow validating a model of the movements and seed rain of L. chrysopygus in a fragmented landscape. The application of the model to other fragments where L. chrysopygus occurs will allow determining how the seed dispersal traits vary with landscape characteristics. This project aims at establishing the bases needed to the management of L. chrysopygus populations in order to ensure the survival of the species and its associated services to the ecosystem. (AU)

Articles published in Agência FAPESP Newsletter about the research grant:
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VEICULO: TITULO (DATA)
VEICULO: TITULO (DATA)

Scientific publications (11)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
FUZESSY, LISIEUX F.; BENITEZ-LOPEZ, ANA; SLADE, ELEANOR M.; BUFALO, FELIPE S.; MAGRO-DE-SOUZA, GIOVANA C.; PEREIRA, LUCAS A.; CULOT, LAURENCE. Identifying the anthropogenic drivers of declines in tropical dung beetle communities and functions. Biological Conservation, v. 256, APR 2021. Web of Science Citations: 0.
CABRAL REZENDE, GABRIELA; SOBRAL-SOUZA, THADEU; CULOT, LAURENCE. Integrating climate and landscape models to prioritize areas and conservation strategies for an endangered arboreal primate. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PRIMATOLOGY, v. 82, n. 12 DEC 2020. Web of Science Citations: 0.
SALES, LILIAN; CULOT, LAURENCE; PIRES, MATHIAS M. Climate niche mismatch and the collapse of primate seed dispersal services in the Amazon. Biological Conservation, v. 247, JUL 2020. Web of Science Citations: 0.
GARBINO, GUILHERME S. T.; DA SILVA, LEONARDO HENRIQUE; AMARAL, RODRIGO GONCALVES; REZENDE, GABRIELA CABRAL; PEREIRA, VINICIUS J. A.; CULOT, LAURENCE. Predation of treefrogs (Anura: Hylidae) with toxic skin secretions by the black lion tamarin (Leontopithecus chrysopygus, Callitrichinae). PRIMATES, v. 61, n. 4 APR 2020. Web of Science Citations: 1.
MARJAKANGAS, EMMA-LIINA; ABREGO, NEREA; GROTAN, VIDAR; DE LIMA, RENATO A. F.; BELLO, CAROLINA; BOVENDORP, RICARDO S.; CULOT, LAURENCE; HASUI, ERICA; LIMA, FERNANDO; MUYLAERT, RENATA LARA; NIEBUHR, BERNARDO BRANDAO; OLIVEIRA, ALEXANDRE A.; PEREIRA, LUCAS AUGUSTO; PRADO, PAULO I.; STEVENS, RICHARD D.; VANCINE, MAURICIO HUMBERTO; RIBEIRO, MILTON CEZAR; GALETTI, MAURO; OVASKAINEN, OTSO. Fragmented tropical forests lose mutualistic plant-animal interactions. DIVERSITY AND DISTRIBUTIONS, v. 26, n. 2 NOV 2019. Web of Science Citations: 2.
MORAES, ANDREIA MAGRO; VANCINE, MAURICIO HUMBERTO; MORAES, ANDREZA MAGRO; DE OLIVEIRA CORDEIRO, CARLOS LEANDRO; PINTO, MIRIAM PLAZA; LIMA, ADRIANA ALMEIDA; CULOT, LAURENCE; FREIRE SILVA, THIAGO SANNA; COLLEVATTI, ROSANE GARCIA; RIBEIRO, MILTON CEZAR; SOBRAL-SOUZA, THADEU. Predicting the potential hybridization zones between native and invasive marmosets within Neotropical biodiversity hotspots. GLOBAL ECOLOGY AND CONSERVATION, v. 20, OCT 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.
HEYMANN, ECKHARD W.; CULOT, LAURENCE; KNOGGE, CHRISTOPH; SMITH, ANDREW C.; TIRADO HERRERA, EMERITA R.; MUELLER, BRITTA; STOJAN-DOLAR, MOJCA; FERRER, YVAN LLEDO; KUBISCH, PETRA; KUPSCH, DENIS; SLANA, DARJA; KOOPMANN, MAREIKE LENA; ZIEGENHAGEN, BIRGIT; BIALOZYT, RONALD; MENGEL, CHRISTINA; HAMBUCKERS, JULIEN; HEER, KATRIN. Small Neotropical primates promote the natural regeneration of anthropogenically disturbed areas. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, v. 9, JUL 25 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.
CULOT, LAURENCE; HUYNEN, MARIE-CLAUDE; HEYMANN, ECKHARD W. Primates and Dung Beetles: Two Dispersers Are Better than One in Secondary Forest. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PRIMATOLOGY, v. 39, n. 3, SI, p. 397-414, JUN 2018. Web of Science Citations: 4.
CULOT, LAURENCE; BELLO, CAROLINA; FERREIRA BATISTA, JOAO LUIS; ZARATE DO COUTO, HILTON THADEU; GALETTI, MAURO. Synergistic effects of seed disperser and predator loss on recruitment success and long-term consequences for carbon stocks in tropical rainforests. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, v. 7, AUG 9 2017. Web of Science Citations: 18.
THABATA CARVALHO; GIULIANA GARCIA; CAROLINA SILVA CARVALHO; CLARISSE PALMA-SILVA; LAURENCE CULOT. Development of microsatellite loci for Cryptocarya mandioccana Meisner (Lauraceae) and their genotyping success in different tissues. Hoehnea, v. 44, n. 4, p. -, Dez. 2017.
BUFALO, FELIPE SOARES; GALETTI, MAURO; CULOT, LAURENCE. Seed Dispersal by Primates and Implications for the Conservation of a Biodiversity Hotspot, the Atlantic Forest of South America. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PRIMATOLOGY, v. 37, n. 3, p. 333-349, JUN 2016. Web of Science Citations: 10.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.