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Aerosol and clouds life cycles in Amazonia: biogenic emissions, biomass burning and impacts on ecosystem

Grant number: 17/17047-0
Support type:Research Program on Global Climate Change - Thematic Grants
Duration: February 01, 2018 - January 31, 2023
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Geosciences
Principal Investigator:Paulo Eduardo Artaxo Netto
Grantee:Paulo Eduardo Artaxo Netto
Home Institution: Instituto de Física (IF). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Co-Principal Investigators:Maria Assunção Faus da Silva Dias
Assoc. researchers:Alan James Peixoto Calheiros ; Éder Paulo Vendrasco ; Edmilson Dias de Freitas ; Henrique de Melo Jorge Barbosa ; Izabelly Carvalho da Costa ; Joel Ferreira de Brito ; Luciana Varanda Rizzo ; Luiz Augusto Toledo Machado ; Nilmara de Oliveira Alves Brito ; Pedro Luiz Pizzigatti Corrêa ; Rachel Ifanger Albrecht ; Samara Carbone ; Thiago Souza Biscaro
Associated grant(s):18/18692-0 - Applications of LibRadTran for studying interactions of radiation with aerosols and clouds, AV.EXT
18/08934-6 - Analyzing the cloud-induced aerosol modifications by combination of remote sensing techniques (ACI-AMORES), AV.EXT
Associated scholarship(s):19/04455-9 - Calibration stability of a Raman Lidar for water vapor measurements in the Amazon, BP.IC
18/26375-4 - Mechanisms of secondary organic aerosol formation in Amazonia studied at the ground, ATTO tower and halo plane, BP.PD
18/23779-7 - Data processing and big data analysis to the understanding of atmospheric properties in Amazonia and its effects on the ecosystem, BP.TT

Abstract

Amazonia is a living laboratory to study critical processes that regulate tropical atmospheric Chemistry and Physics. The forest is an important global source of aerosols, trace gases and water vapor, and the complex nonlinear processes that regulate these different components are still not fully understood. In this project, we will study Aerosol Life Cycle (ALC), Cloud Life Cycle (CLC), and Cloud-Aerosol-Radiation-Precipitation Interactions (CAPI) in Amazonia, using a combination of approaches that allows innovative research in the tropics. The project comprises 4 measurement efforts: 1) new long term observations at the Amazon Tall Tower Observatory (ATTO); 2) several fluvial expeditions in the untouched areas of Western Amazonia; 3) a large scale aircraft experiment with the HALO G5 high altitude plane (14 km); and 4) aerosol and trace gas measurement campaigns at Chacaltaya, Bolivia, 5,240 altitude in the Andes, to study the transport and impact of Amazonian aerosols. These measurement efforts, going from the ATTO 325 meters tall tower, through fluvial ship and aircraft up into the Andes at the GAW-WMO Chacaltaya station, will allow a large spectrum of critical processes that regulates the links between forest-atmosphere-climate in tropical regions. In these sites and platforms, we will measure, among other things, aerosol optical properties with spectral light scattering and absorption, aerosol size distribution, aerosol composition for organic and inorganic components, aerosol optical depth, radiation balance, cloud condensation nuclei, cloud droplet size, cloud optical depth, and vertical profiles of aerosols, clouds, precipitation and thermodynamic variables. A large set of advanced instrumentation will make these measurements in difficult logistical conditions. High resolution cloud modeling will integrate aerosol, CCN and water vapor for a variety of thermodynamic conditions and will allow integration of organic aerosol analysis with cloud processes. High-resolution BRAMS and WRF-Chem regional modeling will be performed to help understanding regional processes and transport. With these new datasets and associated modeling efforts, we plan to study cloud-aerosol-precipitation interactions and the feedbacks between biosphere and atmosphere and human activities through deforestation and biomass burning emissions. We expect that these measurements and modeling framework will provide new insights in critical and important processes that regulate tropical atmospheric Chemistry and cloud Physics. The analysis will also provide insights into how Amazonia is being perturbed by biomass burning emissions and how it influences climate regionally and globally. (AU)

Articles published in Agência FAPESP Newsletter about the research grant
Pollution from Manaus results in up to 400% higher aerosol formation due to the Amazon Rainforest 
The Amazon Tall Tower Observatory, a tool to investigate links between tropical forest and global climate 
Articles published in other midia outlets (32 total):
More itemsLess items
Urban pollution enhances up to 400% formation of aerosols over the Amazon rainforest 
Urban Pollution Enhances Up To 400% Formation Of Aerosols Over The Amazon Rainforest 
Urbanizzazione aumenta aerosol su foresta pluviale amazzonica con conseguenze negative 
Urban pollution enhances up to 400% formation of aerosols over the Amazon rainforest 
Urban pollution increases secondary organic aerosols in the Amazon rainforest 
Urban pollution enhances up to 400% formation of aerosols over the Amazon rainforest 
Urban pollution enhances up to 400% formation of aerosols over the Amazon rainforest 
Pollution from Manaus Results in Up To 400% Higher Aerosol Formation Due to The Amazon Rainforest 
Urban pollution enhances up to 400% formation of aerosols over the Amazon rainforest 
Urban pollution enhances up to 400% formation of aerosols over the Amazon rainforest 
Urban pollution enhances up to 400% formation of aerosols over the Amazon rainforest 
Urban pollution enhances up to 400% formation of aerosols over the Amazon rainforest 
Urban pollution enhances up to 400% formation of aerosols over the Amazon rainforest 
Urban pollution enhances up to 400% formation of aerosols over the Amazon rainforest 
Urban pollution enhances up to 400% formation of aerosols over the Amazon rainforest 
Poluição de Manaus influencia aerossóis 
Poluição de Manaus aumenta em até 400% a formação de aerossóis pela floresta amazônica 
Aerossóis na Amazônia aumentam em até 400% por conta da poluição 
Poluição de Manaus aumenta em até 400% a formação de aerossóis pela floresta amazônica 
Poluição de Manaus aumenta em até 400% a formação de aerossóis pela floresta amazônica 
Poluição de Manaus aumenta em até 400% a formação de aerossóis pela floresta amazônica 
Poluição de Manaus aumenta os chamados “aerossóis” da floresta amazônica 
Poluição urbana de Manaus aumenta em até 400% a formação de aerossóis pela floresta amazônica 
Poluição de Manaus aumenta em até 400% a formação de aerossóis pela floresta amazônica 
Poluição urbana de Manaus aumenta em até 400% a formação de aerossóis pela floresta amazônica 
Poluição de Manaus causa impacto brutal na Floresta Amazônica, aponta estudo 
Poluição de Manaus aumenta em até 400% a formação de aerossóis pela floresta amazônica 
Poluição de Manaus aumenta em até 400%, aponta estudo 
Poluição de Manaus aumenta em até 400% a formação de aerossóis pela floresta amazônica 
Poluição aumenta em até 400% a formação de aerossóis na Amazônia 
Poluição de Manaus aumenta em até 400% a formação de aerossóis pela floresta amazônica 
Poluição de Manaus aumenta em até 400% a formação de aerossóis pela floresta amazônica 

Scientific publications (7)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
SHRIVASTAVA, MANISH; ANDREAE, MEINRAT O.; ARTAXO, PAULO; BARBOSA, HENRIQUE M. J.; BERG, LARRY K.; BRITO, JOEL; CHING, JOSEPH; EASTER, RICHARD C.; FAN, JIWEN; FAST, JEROME D.; FENG, ZHE; FUENTES, JOSE D.; GLASIUS, MARIANNE; GOLDSTEIN, ALLEN H.; ALVES, ELIANE GOMES; GOMES, HELBER; GU, DASA; GUENTHER, ALEX; JATHAR, SHANTANU H.; KIM, SAEWUNG; LIU, YING; LOU, SIJIA; MARTIN, SCOT T.; MCNEILL, V. FAYE; MEDEIROS, ADAN; DE SA, SUZANE S.; SHILLING, JOHN E.; SPRINGSTON, STEPHEN R.; SOUZA, R. A. F.; THORNTON, JOEL A.; ISAACMAN-VANWERTZ, GABRIEL; YEE, LINDSAY D.; YNOUE, RITA; ZAVERI, RAHUL A.; ZELENYUK, ALLA; ZHAO, CHUN. Urban pollution greatly enhances formation of natural aerosols over the Amazon rainforest. NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, v. 10, MAR 5 2019. Web of Science Citations: 5.
TUET, WING Y.; LIU, FOBANG; ALVES, NILMARA DE OLIVEIRA; FOK, SHIERLY; ARTAXO, PAULO; VASCONCELLOS, PEROLA; CHAMPION, JULIE A.; NG, NGA L. Chemical Oxidative Potential and Cellular Oxidative Stress from Open Biomass Burning Aerosol. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, v. 6, n. 3, p. 126-132, MAR 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.
ROSARIO, NILTON E.; SAUINI, THAMARA; PAULIQUEVIS, THEOTONIO; BARBOSA, HENRIQUE M. J.; YAMASOE, MARCIA A.; BARJA, BORIS. Aerosol optical depth retrievals in central Amazonia from a multi-filter rotating shadow-band radiometer calibrated on-site. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, v. 12, n. 2, p. 921-934, FEB 11 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.
SENA, ELISA T.; SILVA DIAS, M. A. F.; CARVALHO, L. M. V.; SILVA DIAS, P. L. Reduced Wet-Season Length Detected by Satellite Retrievals of Cloudiness over Brazilian Amazonia: A New Methodology. Journal of Climate, v. 31, n. 24, p. 9941-9964, DEC 2018. Web of Science Citations: 1.
SCHULZ, CHRISTIANE; SCHNEIDER, JOHANNES; HOLANDA, BRUNA AMORIM; APPEL, OLIVER; COSTA, ANJA; DE SA, SUZANE S.; DREILING, VOLKER; FUETTERER, DANIEL; JURKAT-WITSCHAS, TINA; KLIMACH, THOMAS; KNOTE, CHRISTOPH; KRAEMER, MARTINA; MARTIN, SCOT T.; MERTES, STEPHAN; POEHLKER, MIRA L.; SAUER, DANIEL; VOIGT, CHRISTIANE; WALSER, ADRIAN; WEINZIERL, BERNADETT; ZIEREIS, HELMUT; ZOEGER, MARTIN; ANDREAE, MEINRAT O.; ARTAXO, PAULO; MACHADO, LUIZ A. T.; POESCHL, ULRICH; WENDISCH, MANFRED; BORRMANN, STEPHAN. Aircraft-based observations of isoprene-epoxydiol-derived secondary organic aerosol (IEPOX-SOA) in the tropical upper troposphere over the Amazon region. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, v. 18, n. 20, p. 14979-15001, OCT 18 2018. Web of Science Citations: 1.
SHILLING, JOHN E.; PEKOUR, MIKHAIL S.; FORTNER, EDWARD C.; ARTAXO, PAULO; DE SA, SUZANE; HUBBE, JOHN M.; LONGO, KARLA M.; MACHADO, LUIZ A. T.; MARTIN, SCOT T.; SPRINGSTON, STEPHEN R.; TOMLINSON, JASON; WANG, JIAN. Aircraft observations of the chemical composition and aging of aerosol in the Manaus urban plume during GoAmazon 2014/5. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, v. 18, n. 14, p. 10773-10797, JUL 30 2018. Web of Science Citations: 4.
LIU, YINGJUN; SECO, ROGER; KIM, SAEWUNG; GUENTHER, ALEX B.; GOLDSTEIN, ALLEN H.; KEUTSCH, FRANK N.; SPRINGSTON, STEPHEN R.; WATSON, THOMAS B.; ARTAXO, PAULO; SOUZA, RODRIGO A. F.; MCKINNEY, KARENA A.; MARTIN, SCOT T. Isoprene photo-oxidation products quantify the effect of pollution on hydroxyl radicals over Amazonia. SCIENCE ADVANCES, v. 4, n. 4 APR 2018. Web of Science Citations: 5.

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