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Aerosol and clouds life cycles in Amazonia: biogenic emissions, biomass burning and impacts on ecosystem

Grant number: 17/17047-0
Support type:Research Program on Global Climate Change - Thematic Grants
Duration: February 01, 2018 - January 31, 2023
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Geosciences - Meteorology
Principal Investigator:Paulo Eduardo Artaxo Netto
Grantee:Paulo Eduardo Artaxo Netto
Home Institution: Instituto de Física (IF). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Co-Principal Investigators:Maria Assunção Faus da Silva Dias
Assoc. researchers:Alan James Peixoto Calheiros ; Éder Paulo Vendrasco ; Edmilson Dias de Freitas ; Henrique de Melo Jorge Barbosa ; Izabelly Carvalho da Costa ; Joel Ferreira de Brito ; Luciana Varanda Rizzo ; Luiz Augusto Toledo Machado ; Nilmara de Oliveira Alves Brito ; Pedro Luiz Pizzigatti Corrêa ; Rachel Ifanger Albrecht ; Samara Carbone ; Thiago Souza Biscaro
Associated grant(s):18/18692-0 - Applications of LibRadTran for studying interactions of radiation with aerosols and clouds, AV.EXT
18/08934-6 - Analyzing the cloud-induced aerosol modifications by combination of remote sensing techniques (ACI-AMORES), AV.EXT
Associated scholarship(s):20/02368-9 - Numerical solution of an aerosol particle growth by condensational of water vapor, BP.IC
19/04455-9 - Calibration stability of a Raman Lidar for water vapor measurements in the Amazon, BP.IC
18/26375-4 - Mechanisms of secondary organic aerosol formation in Amazonia studied at the ground, ATTO tower and HALO plane, BP.PD
18/23779-7 - Data processing and big data analysis to the understanding of atmospheric properties in Amazonia and its effects on the ecosystem, BP.TT

Abstract

Amazonia is a living laboratory to study critical processes that regulate tropical atmospheric Chemistry and Physics. The forest is an important global source of aerosols, trace gases and water vapor, and the complex nonlinear processes that regulate these different components are still not fully understood. In this project, we will study Aerosol Life Cycle (ALC), Cloud Life Cycle (CLC), and Cloud-Aerosol-Radiation-Precipitation Interactions (CAPI) in Amazonia, using a combination of approaches that allows innovative research in the tropics. The project comprises 4 measurement efforts: 1) new long term observations at the Amazon Tall Tower Observatory (ATTO); 2) several fluvial expeditions in the untouched areas of Western Amazonia; 3) a large scale aircraft experiment with the HALO G5 high altitude plane (14 km); and 4) aerosol and trace gas measurement campaigns at Chacaltaya, Bolivia, 5,240 altitude in the Andes, to study the transport and impact of Amazonian aerosols. These measurement efforts, going from the ATTO 325 meters tall tower, through fluvial ship and aircraft up into the Andes at the GAW-WMO Chacaltaya station, will allow a large spectrum of critical processes that regulates the links between forest-atmosphere-climate in tropical regions. In these sites and platforms, we will measure, among other things, aerosol optical properties with spectral light scattering and absorption, aerosol size distribution, aerosol composition for organic and inorganic components, aerosol optical depth, radiation balance, cloud condensation nuclei, cloud droplet size, cloud optical depth, and vertical profiles of aerosols, clouds, precipitation and thermodynamic variables. A large set of advanced instrumentation will make these measurements in difficult logistical conditions. High resolution cloud modeling will integrate aerosol, CCN and water vapor for a variety of thermodynamic conditions and will allow integration of organic aerosol analysis with cloud processes. High-resolution BRAMS and WRF-Chem regional modeling will be performed to help understanding regional processes and transport. With these new datasets and associated modeling efforts, we plan to study cloud-aerosol-precipitation interactions and the feedbacks between biosphere and atmosphere and human activities through deforestation and biomass burning emissions. We expect that these measurements and modeling framework will provide new insights in critical and important processes that regulate tropical atmospheric Chemistry and cloud Physics. The analysis will also provide insights into how Amazonia is being perturbed by biomass burning emissions and how it influences climate regionally and globally. (AU)

Matéria(s) publicada(s) na Agência FAPESP sobre o auxílio:
A computer system will facilitate the management and sharing of Brazilian climate data 
Science-based public policies are important to tackle an Amazon in transition 
Pollution from Manaus results in up to 400% higher aerosol formation due to the Amazon Rainforest 
The Amazon Tall Tower Observatory, a tool to investigate links between tropical forest and global climate 
Articles published in other media outlets (48 total):
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Diário de S.Paulo: USP integra parceria internacional sobre gestão e compartilhamento de dados climáticos (23/Mar/2020)
Investe São Paulo: USP integra parceria internacional sobre gestão e compartilhamento de dados climáticos (23/Mar/2020)
Portal do Governo do Estado de São Paulo: USP integra parceria internacional sobre gestão e compartilhamento de dados climáticos (22/Mar/2020)
Notícias de Campinas: USP integra parceria internacional sobre gestão e compartilhamento de dados climáticos (22/Mar/2020)
Mix Vale: USP integra parceria internacional sobre gestão e compartilhamento de dados climáticos (22/Mar/2020)
Investe São Paulo: Sistema computacional facilitará gestão e compartilhamento de dados climáticos (18/Mar/2020)
JC Notícias (São Paulo, SP): Sistema computacional facilitará gestão e compartilhamento de dados climáticos (17/Mar/2020)
Blog do Axel Grael: Sistema computacional facilitará gestão e compartilhamento de dados climáticos (17/Mar/2020)
Revista Ecológico online: Políticas públicas baseadas na ciência são importantes para lidar com a Amazônia em transição (07/Jan/2020)
Sou Ecológico: Políticas públicas baseadas na ciência são importantes para lidar com a Amazônia em transição (07/Jan/2020)
Universo Racionalista: Políticas públicas baseadas na ciência são importantes para lidar com a Amazônia em transição (18/Dec/2019)
Portal Paraná Empresarial: Políticas públicas baseadas na ciência são importantes para lidar com a Amazônia em transição (16/Dec/2019)
Portal Brasil Empresarial: Políticas públicas baseadas na ciência são importantes para lidar com a Amazônia em transição (16/Dec/2019)
Espaço Ecológico no Ar: Políticas públicas baseadas na ciência são importantes para lidar com a Amazônia em transição (15/Dec/2019)
Ecoamazônia: Políticas públicas baseadas na ciência são importantes para lidar com a Amazônia em transição (14/Dec/2019)
Jornal da Ciência online: Políticas públicas baseadas na ciência são importantes para lidar com a Amazônia em transição (13/Dec/2019)
Long Room (EUA): Urban pollution enhances up to 400% formation of aerosols over the Amazon rainforest (16/Jun/2019)
Notizie Scientifiche (Itália): Urbanizzazione aumenta aerosol su foresta pluviale amazzonica con conseguenze negative (05/Jun/2019)
Eurasia Review (Espanha): Urban Pollution Enhances Up To 400% Formation Of Aerosols Over The Amazon Rainforest (05/Jun/2019)
Terpeneliteracy.com: Urban pollution enhances up to 400% formation of aerosols over the Amazon rainforest (05/Jun/2019)
Phys.Org (Reino Unido): Urban pollution enhances up to 400% formation of aerosols over the Amazon rainforest (04/Jun/2019)
NewsAbode (Índia): Urban pollution enhances up to 400% formation of aerosols over the Amazon rainforest (04/Jun/2019)
SciTech Europa (Reino Unido): Urban pollution increases secondary organic aerosols in the Amazon rainforest (04/Jun/2019)
Environmental News Network (EUA): Pollution from Manaus Results in Up To 400% Higher Aerosol Formation Due to The Amazon Rainforest (03/Jun/2019)
Bioengineer (Reino Unido): Urban pollution enhances up to 400% formation of aerosols over the Amazon rainforest (03/Jun/2019)
Health Medicine Network (EUA): Urban pollution enhances up to 400% formation of aerosols over the Amazon rainforest (03/Jun/2019)
Humanitarian News (Antártida): Urban pollution enhances up to 400% formation of aerosols over the Amazon rainforest (03/Jun/2019)
Scienmag Science Magazine (Reino Unido): Urban pollution enhances up to 400% formation of aerosols over the Amazon rainforest (03/Jun/2019)
Brightsurf: Urban pollution enhances up to 400% formation of aerosols over the Amazon rainforest (03/Jun/2019)
Pharma Jobs: Urban pollution enhances up to 400% formation of aerosols over the Amazon rainforest (03/Jun/2019)
Agenparl (Itália): Urban pollution enhances up to 400% formation of aerosols over the Amazon rainforest (03/Jun/2019)
Diário do Amazonas online: Poluição de Manaus influencia aerossóis (12/May/2019)
Blog do Gerson Nogueira: Poluição de Manaus aumenta em até 400% a formação de aerossóis pela floresta amazônica (25/Apr/2019)
Horizonte: Aerossóis na Amazônia aumentam em até 400% por conta da poluição (24/Apr/2019)
Espaço Ecológico no Ar: Poluição de Manaus aumenta em até 400% a formação de aerossóis pela floresta amazônica (22/Apr/2019)
The Greenest Post: Poluição de Manaus aumenta em até 400% a formação de aerossóis pela floresta amazônica (22/Apr/2019)
Diário do Poder: Poluição de Manaus aumenta em até 400% a formação de aerossóis pela floresta amazônica (21/Apr/2019)
Vocativo.com: Poluição de Manaus aumenta os chamados “aerossóis” da floresta amazônica (20/Apr/2019)
Revista Sustinere online: Poluição urbana de Manaus aumenta em até 400% a formação de aerossóis pela floresta amazônica (19/Apr/2019)
EcoDebate: Poluição urbana de Manaus aumenta em até 400% a formação de aerossóis pela floresta amazônica (18/Apr/2019)
Plantão News (MT): Poluição de Manaus aumenta em até 400% a formação de aerossóis pela floresta amazônica (18/Apr/2019)
Terra: Poluição de Manaus aumenta em até 400% a formação de aerossóis pela floresta amazônica (17/Apr/2019)
Portal Amazônia: Poluição de Manaus aumenta em até 400% a formação de aerossóis pela floresta amazônica (17/Apr/2019)
Meio Filtrante online: Poluição de Manaus aumenta em até 400% a formação de aerossóis pela floresta amazônica (17/Apr/2019)
Ciclo Vivo: Poluição aumenta em até 400% a formação de aerossóis na Amazônia (17/Apr/2019)
Ecoamazônia: Poluição de Manaus aumenta em até 400% a formação de aerossóis pela floresta amazônica (17/Apr/2019)
Revista Analytica: Poluição de Manaus causa impacto brutal na Floresta Amazônica, aponta estudo (17/Apr/2019)
Redação AM: Poluição de Manaus aumenta em até 400%, aponta estudo (17/Apr/2019)

Scientific publications (13)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
CECCHINI, MICAEL AMORE; SILVA DIAS, MARIA A. F.; MACHADO, LUIZ A. T.; MORALES RODRIGUEZ, CARLOS A.; BISCARO, THIAGO. Macrophysical and Microphysical Characteristics of Convective Rain Cells Observed During SOS-CHUVA. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, v. 125, n. 13 JUL 16 2020. Web of Science Citations: 0.
YANEZ-SERRANO, ANA M.; BOURTSOUKIDIS, EFSTRATIOS; ALVES, ELIANE G.; BAUWENS, MAITE; STAVRAKOU, TRISSEVGENI; LLUSIA, JOAN; FILELLA, IOLANDA; GUENTHER, ALEX; WILLIAMS, JONATHAN; ARTAXO, PAULO; SINDELAROVA, KATERINA; DOUBALOVA, JANA; KESSELMEIER, JUERGEN; PENUELAS, JOSEP. Amazonian biogenic volatile organic compounds under global change. GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY, v. 26, n. 9 JUN 2020. Web of Science Citations: 0.
HOLANDA, BRUNA A.; POEHLKER, MIRA L.; WALTER, DAVID; SATURNO, JORGE; SOERGEL, MATTHIAS; DITAS, JEANNINE; DITAS, FLORIAN; SCHULZ, CHRISTIANE; FRANCO, MARCO AURELIO; WANG, QIAOQIAO; DONTH, TOBIAS; ARTAXO, PAULO; BARBOSA, HENRIQUE M. J.; BORRMANN, STEPHAN; BRAGA, RAMON; BRITO, JOEL; CHENG, YAFANG; DOLLNER, MAXIMILIAN; KAISER, JOHANNES W.; KLIMACH, THOMAS; KNOTE, CHRISTOPH; KRUEGER, OVID O.; FUETTERER, DANIEL; LAVRIC, V, JOST; MA, NAN; MACHADO, LUIZ A. T.; MING, JING; MORAIS, FERNANDO G.; PAULSEN, HAUKE; SAUER, DANIEL; SCHLAGER, HANS; SCHNEIDER, JOHANNES; SU, HANG; WEINZIERL, BERNADETT; WALSER, ADRIAN; WENDISCH, MANFRED; ZIEREIS, HELMUT; ZOEGER, MARTIN; POESCHL, ULRICH; ANDREAE, MEINRAT O.; POEHLKER, CHRISTOPHER. Influx of African biomass burning aerosol during the Amazonian dry season through layered transatlantic transport of black carbon-rich smoke. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, v. 20, n. 8, p. 4757-4785, APR 24 2020. Web of Science Citations: 0.
POPE, RICHARD J.; ARNOLD, STEPHEN R.; CHIPPERFIELD, MARTYN P.; REDDINGTON, CARLY L. S.; BUTT, EDWARD W.; KESLAKE, TIM D.; FENG, WUHU; LATTER, BARRY G.; KERRIDGE, BRIAN J.; SIDDANS, RICHARD; RIZZO, LUCIANA; ARTAXO, PAULO; SADIQ, MEHLIYAR; TAI, AMOS P. K. Substantial Increases in Eastern Amazon and Cerrado Biomass Burning-Sourced Tropospheric Ozone. Geophysical Research Letters, v. 47, n. 3 FEB 16 2020. Web of Science Citations: 0.
LOEBS, NINA; BARBOSA, CYBELLI G. G.; BRILL, SEBASTIAN; WALTER, DAVID; DITAS, FLORIAN; SA, MARTA DE OLIVEIRA; DE ARAUJO, ALESSANDRO C.; DE OLIVEIRA, LEONARDO R.; GODOI, RICARDO H. M.; WOLFF, STEFAN; PIEPENBRING, MEIKE; KESSELMEIER, JUERGEN; ARTAXO, PAULO; ANDREAE, MEINRAT O.; POESCHL, ULRICH; POEHLKER, CHRISTOPHER; WEBER, BETTINA. Aerosol measurement methods to quantify spore emissions from fungi and cryptogamic covers in the Amazon. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, v. 13, n. 1, p. 153-164, JAN 15 2020. Web of Science Citations: 0.
TONG, HAIJIE; ZHANG, YUN; FILIPPI, ALEXANDER; WANG, TING; LI, CHENPEI; LIU, FOBANG; LEPPLA, DENIS; KOURTCHEV, IVAN; WANG, KAI; KESKINEN, HELMI-MARJA; LEVULA, JANNE T.; ARANGIO, ANDREA M.; SHEN, FANGXIA; DITAS, FLORIAN; MARTIN, SCOT T.; ARTAXO, PAULO; GODOI, RICARDO H. M.; YAMAMOTO, CARLOS I.; DE SOUZA, RODRIGO A. F.; HUANG, RU-JIN; BERKEMEIER, THOMAS; WANG, YUESHE; SU, HANG; CHENG, YAFANG; POPE, FRANCIS D.; FU, PINGQING; YAO, MAOSHENG; POEHLKER, CHRISTOPHER; PETAJA, TUUKKA; KULMALA, MARKKU; ANDREAE, MEINRAT O.; SHIRAIWA, MANABU; POESCHL, ULRICH; HOFFMANN, THORSTEN; KALBERER, MARKUS. Radical Formation by Fine Particulate Matter Associated with Highly Oxygenated Molecules. Environmental Science & Technology, v. 53, n. 21, p. 12506-12518, NOV 5 2019. Web of Science Citations: 2.
SHRIVASTAVA, MANISH; ANDREAE, MEINRAT O.; ARTAXO, PAULO; BARBOSA, HENRIQUE M. J.; BERG, LARRY K.; BRITO, JOEL; CHING, JOSEPH; EASTER, RICHARD C.; FAN, JIWEN; FAST, JEROME D.; FENG, ZHE; FUENTES, JOSE D.; GLASIUS, MARIANNE; GOLDSTEIN, ALLEN H.; ALVES, ELIANE GOMES; GOMES, HELBER; GU, DASA; GUENTHER, ALEX; JATHAR, SHANTANU H.; KIM, SAEWUNG; LIU, YING; LOU, SIJIA; MARTIN, SCOT T.; MCNEILL, V. FAYE; MEDEIROS, ADAN; DE SA, SUZANE S.; SHILLING, JOHN E.; SPRINGSTON, STEPHEN R.; SOUZA, R. A. F.; THORNTON, JOEL A.; ISAACMAN-VANWERTZ, GABRIEL; YEE, LINDSAY D.; YNOUE, RITA; ZAVERI, RAHUL A.; ZELENYUK, ALLA; ZHAO, CHUN. Urban pollution greatly enhances formation of natural aerosols over the Amazon rainforest. NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, v. 10, MAR 5 2019. Web of Science Citations: 13.
TUET, WING Y.; LIU, FOBANG; ALVES, NILMARA DE OLIVEIRA; FOK, SHIERLY; ARTAXO, PAULO; VASCONCELLOS, PEROLA; CHAMPION, JULIE A.; NG, NGA L. Chemical Oxidative Potential and Cellular Oxidative Stress from Open Biomass Burning Aerosol. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY LETTERS, v. 6, n. 3, p. 126-132, MAR 2019. Web of Science Citations: 4.
ROSARIO, NILTON E.; SAUINI, THAMARA; PAULIQUEVIS, THEOTONIO; BARBOSA, HENRIQUE M. J.; YAMASOE, MARCIA A.; BARJA, BORIS. Aerosol optical depth retrievals in central Amazonia from a multi-filter rotating shadow-band radiometer calibrated on-site. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, v. 12, n. 2, p. 921-934, FEB 11 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.
SENA, ELISA T.; SILVA DIAS, M. A. F.; CARVALHO, L. M. V.; SILVA DIAS, P. L. Reduced Wet-Season Length Detected by Satellite Retrievals of Cloudiness over Brazilian Amazonia: A New Methodology. Journal of Climate, v. 31, n. 24, p. 9941-9964, DEC 2018. Web of Science Citations: 3.
SCHULZ, CHRISTIANE; SCHNEIDER, JOHANNES; HOLANDA, BRUNA AMORIM; APPEL, OLIVER; COSTA, ANJA; DE SA, SUZANE S.; DREILING, VOLKER; FUETTERER, DANIEL; JURKAT-WITSCHAS, TINA; KLIMACH, THOMAS; KNOTE, CHRISTOPH; KRAEMER, MARTINA; MARTIN, SCOT T.; MERTES, STEPHAN; POEHLKER, MIRA L.; SAUER, DANIEL; VOIGT, CHRISTIANE; WALSER, ADRIAN; WEINZIERL, BERNADETT; ZIEREIS, HELMUT; ZOEGER, MARTIN; ANDREAE, MEINRAT O.; ARTAXO, PAULO; MACHADO, LUIZ A. T.; POESCHL, ULRICH; WENDISCH, MANFRED; BORRMANN, STEPHAN. Aircraft-based observations of isoprene-epoxydiol-derived secondary organic aerosol (IEPOX-SOA) in the tropical upper troposphere over the Amazon region. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, v. 18, n. 20, p. 14979-15001, OCT 18 2018. Web of Science Citations: 2.
SHILLING, JOHN E.; PEKOUR, MIKHAIL S.; FORTNER, EDWARD C.; ARTAXO, PAULO; DE SA, SUZANE; HUBBE, JOHN M.; LONGO, KARLA M.; MACHADO, LUIZ A. T.; MARTIN, SCOT T.; SPRINGSTON, STEPHEN R.; TOMLINSON, JASON; WANG, JIAN. Aircraft observations of the chemical composition and aging of aerosol in the Manaus urban plume during GoAmazon 2014/5. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, v. 18, n. 14, p. 10773-10797, JUL 30 2018. Web of Science Citations: 4.
LIU, YINGJUN; SECO, ROGER; KIM, SAEWUNG; GUENTHER, ALEX B.; GOLDSTEIN, ALLEN H.; KEUTSCH, FRANK N.; SPRINGSTON, STEPHEN R.; WATSON, THOMAS B.; ARTAXO, PAULO; SOUZA, RODRIGO A. F.; MCKINNEY, KARENA A.; MARTIN, SCOT T. Isoprene photo-oxidation products quantify the effect of pollution on hydroxyl radicals over Amazonia. SCIENCE ADVANCES, v. 4, n. 4 APR 2018. Web of Science Citations: 5.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.