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Aspects of urban morphology from the study of the parameters set forth in the urban legislation: the case of Campinas (1959 - 2006)

Grant number: 15/01553-9
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): June 01, 2015
Effective date (End): May 31, 2016
Field of knowledge:Applied Social Sciences - Urban and Regional Planning - Fundamentals of Urban and Regional Planning
Principal Investigator:Sidney Piochi Bernardini
Grantee:Camila Torato Lopes
Host Institution: Faculdade de Engenharia Civil, Arquitetura e Urbanismo (FEC). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil


The urban laws, particularly the applicable ones (laws of use and occupation ground), have parameters and indicators that can substantially interfere in the urban morphology patterns resulted by the real estate production. They induce the interrelation provisions on streets, lots, blocks and building and its interrelation in the set of urban fabric models. The Brazilian cities have developed in accordance with space arrangements tied in the Portuguese urban traditions as pointed by REIS (1970) and, to a certain extent, had the formulation of models, which resulted in a municipal legislation. To the extent that the local authorities were gaining strength and competency about the urban regulation and control, they had to improve their legal instruments, using urban models that, to a certain extent anchored in these tradition features. The Municipal Building Codes instituted in the first decades of 20th century introduced rules about the morphological elements configuration set forth in the zoning laws that, years later, became the main control instruments. For a long time, besides the parceling ground laws, enacted in some municipalities after 1979 with the promulgation of Law of Urban Ground Division (Law 6766/79), the morphological patterns were reflected in parameters that conditioned its elements to sizes and dimensions with minimum and maximum gradient values. The main goal of this research is to investigate how these ground occupation parameters were set forth in the Campinas urban legislation between 1959 and 2006 and, thenceforth, demonstrate graphically some kinds of morphological drawings resulted by the application of the parameters, mainly in the relationship between minimum and maximum values of it. The time frame of the research considered the set of legal norms instituted between 1959, when was promulgated the Building Code, and 2006, year of the approval of the new Director Plan after the Brazilian law known as City Statute. The period covers the main instrument for analysis, the law of use and occupation ground (Law 6.031/1988) that, besides modifications, is still in force.

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