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Extraction and fractionation of oil and phenolic compounds of spent coffee grounds using supercritical technology

Grant number: 16/09931-5
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): September 01, 2016
Effective date (End): August 31, 2017
Field of knowledge:Agronomical Sciences - Food Science and Technology
Principal Investigator:Fernando Antonio Cabral
Grantee:Fernando Morais Peliello de Anhaia Mello
Home Institution: Faculdade de Engenharia de Alimentos (FEA). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The soluble coffee industry is responsible for generation of large quantities of organic waste such as spent coffee grounds, which can be reused as raw material for production of ethanol, biodiesel and high value added, such as phenolic compounds .For both extraction of phenolic compounds as oil, from different plant sources, extraction with supercritical carbon dioxide(scCO2) is used successfully. On the other hand, it is known that the solubility of these components in scCO2 increases with the use of ethanol as cosolvent. This project aims to study the extraction and fractionation of coffee oil using supercritical technology. Different solvents will be tested in the extraction : scCo2, ethanol and mixtures of scCO2 + ethanol. Fractionation of the compounds present in spent coffee grounds will be made in a sequence of separators which density will be modified from stage to stage using supercritical carbon dioxide as solvent or as antisolvent (in presence of ethanol). All the obtained fractios will be analised for extraction yield, composition of free fatty acids, content of total phenolic compounds and antioxidant activity. It is expected in this project identify the best operating conditions of fractionation, using the supercritical carbon dioxide as solvent or antisolvent, comparing the obtained fractions with the commercial green coffe oil and with the extracts obtained at low pressure.

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
BITENCOURT, RAPHAELA G.; MELLO, FERNANDO M. P. A.; CABRAL, FERNANDO A.; MEIRELLES, ANTONIO J. A. High-pressure fractionation of spent coffee grounds oil using green solvents. JOURNAL OF SUPERCRITICAL FLUIDS, v. 157, MAR 1 2020. Web of Science Citations: 0.

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