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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Performance and meat quality of Nellore bulls fed crude glycerin combined with soybean oil

Full text
Author(s):
Fiorentini, G. [1] ; Messana, J. D. [1] ; Jose Neto, A. [1] ; Sgobi, E. G. [1] ; Castagnino, P. S. [1] ; Berchielli, T. T. [1, 2]
Total Authors: 6
Affiliation:
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ Unesp, Dept Anim Sci, Sch Agr & Vet Sci, BR-14884900 Jaboticabal, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Vicosa, INCT, CA, Dept Anim Sci, Av Peter Henry Rolfs S-N, Campus Univ, BR-36570000 Vicosa, MG - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: ANIMAL FEED SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; v. 241, p. 45-54, JUL 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 2
Abstract

The objective of this experiment was to determine the effect of crude glycerin combined with soybean oil on the performance and fatty acid composition of the longissimus muscle in Nellore bulls. Twenty-eight Nellore young bulls, each with an initial body weight (BW) of 408 +/- 29 kg (age 20 +/- 2 months), were used in a completely randomized design over a period of 84 days in a 2 x 2 factorial arrangement. The treatments were diets with crude glycerin at 100 g/kg DM (CG +) or without crude glycerin (CG); diet with inclusion of soybean oil at 60 g/kg DM (Oil +) or without soybean oil inclusion (Oil). All diets were composed of corn silage (400 g/kg DM), used as the only source of roughage, and concentrate (600 g/kg DM). The intake of the dry matter (g/kg of body weight), neutral detergent fiber (aNDF) and crude protein decreased with soybean oil inclusion, independent of crude glycerin addition. The aNDF digestibility decreased in diets with soybean oil and without crude glycerin. The DM and organic matter (OM) were most digestible in diets that added crude glycerin but excluded soybean oil. Animals fed soybean oil without crude glycerin exhibited higher intake of linoleic acids, total unsaturated fatty acids (UFA), and total polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) than those fed other diets. There were no effects of oil or crude glycerin feeding on final body weight, average daily gain (ADG), hot carcass weight, subcutaneous fat thickness, or loin eye area (P > 0.05). Animals fed soybean oil incorporate into the muscle 40% more conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) and 32% more linoleic acids compared to other diets. The addition of crude glycerin decreased the elongase index (P = 0.04) in the longissimus muscle. The combination of crude glycerin and soybean oil did not effectively increase performance or unsaturated fatty acid deposition in meat. However, the addition of soybean oil at 60 g/kg DM optimized feed efficiency and did not alter ADG. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/02418-2 - Meta-analytical study of responses from addition of lipidic sources in meat quality of beef cattle finished on pasture or feedlot
Grantee:Giovani Fiorentini
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 16/08585-6 - Meat quality of Bos indicus cattle fed with different lipids from pasture- or feedlot-finished
Grantee:Giovani Fiorentini
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Post-doctor
FAPESP's process: 11/00060-8 - GHG full account and mitigation strategies in Brachiaria pastures submitted to different management
Grantee:Telma Teresinha Berchielli
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/23959-1 - Performance OF Nellore young bulls fed crude glycerin associated with soybean oil
Grantee:Eduardo Garbin Sgobi
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
FAPESP's process: 14/09033-1 - Meta-analysis of the effects of diets with lipid, glycerin and association of both in on rumen fermentation and feed efficiency in beef cattle on pasture or feedlot
Grantee:Juliana Duarte Messana
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate