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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Gas hold-up and oxygen mass transfer in three pneumatic bioreactors operating with sugarcane bagasse suspensions

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Esperanca, M. N. [1] ; Cunha, F. M. [1, 2] ; Cerri, M. O. [3] ; Zangirolami, T. C. [1] ; Farinas, C. S. [2] ; Badino, A. C. [1]
Total Authors: 6
[1] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Chem Engn, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Embrapa Instrumentat, BR-13560970 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[3] Fed Univ Sao Joao Del Rey, Dept Chem Biotechnol & Bioproc Engn, BR-36420000 Ouro Branco, MG - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering; v. 37, n. 5, p. 805-812, MAY 2014.
Web of Science Citations: 6

Sugarcane bagasse is a low-cost and abundant by-product generated by the bioethanol industry, and is a potential substrate for cellulolytic enzyme production. The aim of this work was to evaluate the effects of air flow rate (Q (AIR)), solids loading (%(S)), sugarcane bagasse type, and particle size on the gas hold-up (epsilon (G)) and volumetric oxygen transfer coefficient (k (L) a) in three different pneumatic bioreactors, using response surface methodology. Concentric tube airlift (CTA), split-cylinder airlift (SCA), and bubble column (BC) bioreactor types were tested. Q (AIR) and %(S) affected oxygen mass transfer positively and negatively, respectively, while sugarcane bagasse type and particle size (within the range studied) did not influence k (L) a. Using large particles of untreated sugarcane bagasse, the loop-type bioreactors (CTA and SCA) exhibited higher mass transfer, compared to the BC reactor. At higher %(S), SCA presented a higher k (L) a value (0.0448 s(-1)) than CTA, and the best operational conditions in terms of oxygen mass transfer were achieved for %(S) < 10.0 g L-1 and Q (AIR) > 27.0 L min(-1). These results demonstrated that pneumatic bioreactors can provide elevated oxygen transfer in the presence of vegetal biomass, making them an excellent option for use in three-phase systems for cellulolytic enzyme production by filamentous fungi. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 08/56246-0 - Bioprocess Systems Engineering (BSE) applied to the production of bioethanol from sugarcane bagasse
Grantee:Roberto de Campos Giordano
Support type: Program for Research on Bioenergy (BIOEN) - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 11/23807-1 - Development and evaluation of the operational conditions of bioreactors for production of biotechnological products
Grantee:Alberto Colli Badino Junior
Support type: Regular Research Grants