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The existence of neurogenesis during the lactation period

Grant number: 16/02224-1
Support type:Research Projects - Thematic Grants
Duration: August 01, 2017 - July 31, 2022
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Morphology
Principal Investigator:Jackson Cioni Bittencourt
Grantee:Jackson Cioni Bittencourt
Home Institution: Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas (ICB). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated grant(s):18/15250-6 - Neuroendocrine regulation on the neural networks for adaptive social behavior in postpartum females, AP.R
17/16293-8 - The existence of neurogenesis during the lactation period - multiuser equipment approved in Fapesp Grant number 2016/02224-1: confocal microscope, brand Zeiss, model LSM 800, AP.EMU
Associated scholarship(s):18/11527-3 - "characterization of melanin-concentrating hormone receptor 1 (MCHR1) signaling pathways and analysis of hormonal influence on the function of the MCH peptidergic system in mammary epithelial cell culture", BP.PD
17/18019-0 - Regulatory role investigation of melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) in Long-Evans rats lactation: inhibition effects of the Pmch gene by iRNA technique, BP.PD
17/17998-5 - Evaluating chronic administration of melanin concentrating hormone (MCH) effects in lactating Long-Evans rats, BP.PD


The Melanin-Concentrating Hormone [MCH] is an important neuropeptide, implied in a plethora of functions. Exclusively during the lactation period MCH-ir neurons and ppMCH mRNA are detected in new hypothalamic territories, as the ventromedial preoptic area [MPOAvm]. MCH synthesis in this region rises as the lactation progresses, reaching its peak at the final stage [around the 19th - 21st days] when it then disappears. The origin of these cells is still unknown. A possible explanation to this phenomenon is the de novo appearance of cells in this region, which would characterize neurogenesis in the adult hypothalamus of lactating female rats. Goal: to identify the origin of MCH-ir cells that appear in the MPOAvm during the lactation period, making a global evaluation of neurogenesis occurrence in the maternal brain. Additionally, to study the impact that MCH has over feeding and maternal behavior of lactating females. Rationale: Since both the ppMCH mRNA and the MCH peptide are detected in new loci of the rat CNS at later stages of lactation, we would like to unravel the role played by this neuropeptide over a possible control of hormonal/neuronal aspects of lactation termination, besides other possible neurogenic niches in the maternal brain. Material and Methods: to evaluate MCH participation in the lactation period: 1) female rats will receive sequential BrdU injections and will be sacrificed in different lactation stages. Their brains will then be used in immunohistochemistry for the identification of multiple markers of neurogenesis and neuronal maturation; 2) through osmotic minipumps, lactating females will receive chronic infusions of MCH during the entire lactation period and its effects will be evaluated through immunohistochemistry, in situ hybridization, western blotting, qRT-PCR, behavioral analysis and milk withdraw; 3) RNA interference [RNAi] will be used to inhibit the Pmch gene function, both in the LHA and in the MPOA of lactating females and, through that, we will analyze its effects on maternal and feeding behavior. (AU)

Scientific publications (7)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
SITA, LUCIANE V.; DINIZ, GIOVANNE B.; HORTA-JUNIOR, JOSE A. C.; CASATTI, CLAUDIO A.; BITTENCOURT, JACKSON C. Nomenclature and Comparative Morphology of the Teneurin/TCAP/ADGRL Protein Families. FRONTIERS IN NEUROSCIENCE, v. 13, MAY 3 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.
KLEIN, MARIANNE O.; BATTAGELLO, DANIELLA S.; CARDOSO, ARIEL R.; HAUSER, DAVID N.; BITTENCOURT, JACKSON C.; CORREA, RICARDO G. Dopamine: Functions, Signaling, and Association with Neurological Diseases. Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology, v. 39, n. 1, p. 31-59, JAN 2019. Web of Science Citations: 1.
DINIZ, GIOVANNE B.; CANDIDO, PAULO L.; KLEIN, MARIANNE O.; ALVISI, RENATO D.; PRESSE, FRANCOISE; NAHON, JEAN-LOUIS; FELICIO, LUCIANO F.; BITTENCOURT, JACKSON C. The weaning period promotes alterations in the orexin neuronal population of rats in a suckling-dependent manner. Brain Structure & Function, v. 223, n. 8, p. 3739-3755, NOV 2018. Web of Science Citations: 0.
MOTTA-TEIXEIRA, LIVIA CLEMENTE; MACHADO-NILS, ALINE VILAR; BATTAGELLO, DANIELLA SABINO; DINIZ, GIOVANNE BARONI; ANDRADE-SILVA, JESSICA; SILVA JR, SINESIO; MATOS, RAPHAEL AFONSO; DO AMARAL, FERNANDA GASPAR; XAVIER, GILBERTO FERNANDO; BITTENCOURT, JACKSON CIONI; REITER, RUSSEL J.; LUCASSEN, PAUL JOHN; KOROSI, ANIKO; CIPOLLA-NETO, JOSE. The absence of maternal pineal melatonin rhythm during pregnancy and lactation impairs offspring physical growth, neurodevelopment, and behavior. Hormones and Behavior, v. 105, p. 146-156, SEP 2018. Web of Science Citations: 1.
ORECHIO, DAILIANY; AGUIAR, BRUNA ANDRADE; DINIZ, GIOVANNE BARONI; BITTENCOURT, JACKSON CIONI; HAEMMERLE, CARLOS A. S.; WATANABE, II-SEI; MIGLINO, MARIA ANGELICA; CASTELUCCI, PATRICIA. Morphological and Cellular Characterization of the Fetal Canine (Canis lupus familiaris) Subventricular Zone, Rostral Migratory Stream, and Olfactory Bulb. Anatomical Record-Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology, v. 301, n. 9, SI, p. 1570-1584, SEP 2018. Web of Science Citations: 0.
PACHECO FERREIRA, JOZELIA GOMES; GOMES DUARTE, JESSICA CATHARINE; DINIZ, GIOVANNE BARONI; BITTENCOURT, JACKSON CIONI. Litter size determines the number of melanin-concentrating hormone neurons in the medial preoptic area of Sprague Dawley lactating dams. Physiology & Behavior, v. 181, p. 75-79, NOV 1 2017. Web of Science Citations: 2.
BATTAGELLO, DANIELLA S.; DINIZ, GIOVANNE B.; CANDIDO, PAULO L.; DA SILVA, JOELCIMAR M.; DE OLIVEIRA, AMANDA R.; DA SILVA, KELLY R. TORRES; LOTFI, CLAUDIMARA F. P.; DE OLIVEIRA, JOSE A.; SITA, LUCIANE V.; CASATTI, CLAUDIO A.; LOVEJOY, DAVID A.; BITTENCOURT, JACKSON C. Anatomical Organization of Urocortin 3-Synthesizing Neurons and Immunoreactive Terminals in the Central Nervous System of Non-Human Primates [Sapajus spp.]. FRONTIERS IN NEUROANATOMY, v. 11, JUL 24 2017. Web of Science Citations: 0.

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