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Evaluation of biochemical parameters of blood serum of swine feeded with different sources of fatty acids

Grant number: 20/14148-3
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): March 01, 2021
Effective date (End): April 14, 2022
Field of knowledge:Agronomical Sciences - Animal Husbandry - Genetics and Improvement of Domestic Animals
Principal Investigator:Aline Silva Mello Cesar
Grantee:Julia Dezen Gomes
Host Institution: Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz (ESALQ). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Piracicaba , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:17/25180-2 - Effect of dietary oleic acid on fatty acid composition and inflammatory response profile in different tissues of pigs, AP.JP
Associated scholarship(s):21/06553-8 - Association between biochemical parameters of the blood serum of pigs fed with different sources of fatty acids and the transcriptomic profile of the liver, BE.EP.IC


In recent years, there has been a growing demand for foods that, in addition to nourishing, have beneficial health effects, such as the prevention of cardiovascular diseases, raising consumer preference for foods that have functional properties, such as soy derivatives and fatty acids. Human consumption of monounsaturated (MUFA) and polyunsaturated (PUFA) fatty acids has been associated with low levels of low density lipoprotein (LDL) and also with the potential increase in levels of high density lipoproteins (HDL) in the blood. The increase in these oils in swine diets has shown a significant improvement in the values of blood parameters of animals, leading to a decrease in cholesterol levels, risk of atherosclerosis and the occurrence of type 2 diabetes. In addition, PUFAs have protective effects against viral infection and cancer development. Pork meat has a high unsaturation fatty acid profile and is considered an important source of oleic acid in human nutrition. In view of this significant importance of fatty acids in the diet of meat-producing animals and the final consumer of this meat, our hypothesis is that the inclusion of different sources of oil, with different fatty acid profiles, in the diet of pigs in the growth phase and termination can alter the biochemical parameters of the blood serum of these animals. Thus, the main objective to be achieved through this project is to verify the effect of swine diets in the growth and termination phases, with different fatty acid profiles, on the biochemical parameters of blood serum.

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
FANALLI, SIMARA LARISSA; MARTINS DA SILVA, BRUNA PEREIRA; GOMES, JULIA DEZEN; DE ALMEIDA, VIVIAN VEZZONI; OLIVEIRA FREITAS, FELIPE ANDRE; MONTEIRO MOREIRA, GABRIEL COSTA; SILVA-VIGNATO, BARBARA; AFONSO, JULIANA; REECY, JAMES; KOLTES, JAMES; et al. Differential Gene Expression Associated with Soybean Oil Level in the Diet of Pigs. ANIMALS, v. 12, n. 13, p. 21-pg., . (17/25180-2, 18/26797-6, 14/02493-7, 20/14148-3, 20/10042-6, 18/26816-0, 18/15653-3)

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