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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

An in vitro digestion method adapted for carotenoids and carotenoid esters: moving forward towards standardization

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Author(s):
Rodrigues, Daniele Bobrowski ; Barros Mariutti, Lilian Regina ; Mercadante, Adriana Zerlotti
Total Authors: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: FOOD & FUNCTION; v. 7, n. 12, p. 4992-5001, 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 20
Abstract

In vitro digestion methods are a useful approach to predict the bioaccessibility of food components and overcome some limitations or disadvantages associated with in vivo methodologies. Recently, the INFOGEST network published a static method of in vitro digestion with a proposal for assay standardization. The INFOGEST method is not specific for any food component; therefore, we aimed to adapt this method to assess the in vitro bioaccessibility of carotenoids and carotenoid esters in a model fruit (Byrsonima crassifolia). Two additional steps were coupled to the in vitro digestion procedure, centrifugation at 20 000g for the separation of the aqueous phase containing mixed micelles and exhaustive carotenoid extraction with an organic solvent. The effect of electrolytes, enzymes and bile acids on carotenoid micellarization and stability was also tested. The results were compared with those found with a simpler method that has already been used for carotenoid bioaccessibility analysis. These values were in the expected range for free carotenoids (5-29%), monoesters (9-26%) and diesters (4-28%). In general, the in vitro bioaccessibility of carotenoids assessed by the adapted INFOGEST method was significantly higher (p < 0.05) than those assessed by the simplest protocol, with or without the addition of simulated fluids. Although no trend was observed, differences in bioaccessibility values depended on the carotenoid form (free, monoester or diester), isomerization (Z/E) and the in vitro digestion protocol. To the best of our knowledge, it was the first time that a systematic identification of carotenoid esters by HPLC-DAD-MS/MS after in vitro digestion using the INFOGEST protocol was carried out. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/20988-8 - In vitro bioaccessibility of carotenoids and phenolic compounds in emulsions: compounds formed and influence on the antioxidant capacity
Grantee:Adriana Zerlotti Mercadante
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 12/01506-2 - In vitro bioaccessibility of carotenoids and phenolic compounds from Byrsonima crassifolia in food mimic systems: evaluation of the chemical compounds formed and influence on the scavenging capacity against reactive species
Grantee:Lilian Regina Barros Mariutti
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 13/23218-1 - In vitro bioaccessibility of murici carotenoids and their esters and influence of phenolic compounds on carotenoid bioaccessibility in mimic food system
Grantee:Daniele Bobrowski Rodrigues
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate