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Modulation of intestinal microbiota and tissue proteomic analyses in obesity-induced inflammation and insulin resistance: Role of polyphenols from Brazilian native Myrtaceae fruits

Abstract

Obesity has reached epidemic proportions in the last decades and has been associated with the risk of insulin resistance, hyperglycemia, systemic inflammation, diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. Evidence has shown that the consumption of bioactive compounds in foods, especially polyphenols, as part of a balanced diet, can reduce the risk of developing diseases and metabolic disorders associated with obesity. The Brazilian flora is characterized by its wide biodiversity, rich in plant families with therapeutic potential, such as Myrtaceae. Myrtaceae species including jabuticaba (Plinia jaboticaba (Vell.) Berg), cambuci (Campomanesia phaea Berg.) and cagaita (Eugenia dysenterica DC) are distributed in different Brazilian biomes such as Cerrado and Atlantic Forest. These species are an important source of bioactive polyphenols and previous studies have reported functional biological activities for the compounds present in their fruits. In view of the above, the objective of this project will be to deepen the studies on the effects of the polyphenols of these native Brazilian fruits of the Myrtaceae family on an animal model of inflammation and insulin resistance associated with obesity induced by a diet rich in lipids and sucrose, aiming to elucidate their mechanisms of action. The effects of polyphenols in the modulation of intestinal microbiota populations will be studied and proteomic analysis of selected tissues including liver, muscle and adipose tissues will be performed to identify transcription factors involved in anti-inflammatory and immunoregulatory modulation of the polyphenols in the inflammation condition. In order to better understand these possible beneficial effects, the characterization of the morphological, metabolic and inflammatory profile of the tissues will be performed and the mechanisms of action related to signal transduction of insulin signaling pathways and activation of common inflammatory pathways in the context of obesity induced by excessive exposure to nutrients. (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
MOURA, MARCIO H. C.; DONADO-PESTANA, CARLOS M.; RODRIGUES, LARISSA; PESSOA, ERIKA V. M.; ROSSI E SILVA, RAFAELA; FESTUCCIA, WILLIAN T.; GENOVESE, MARIA INES. Long-term supplementation with phenolic compounds from jaboticaba (Plinia jaboticaba (Vell.) Berg) reduces adiposophaty and improves glucose, lipid, and energy metabolism. Food Research International, v. 143, MAY 2021. Web of Science Citations: 0.
DONADO-PESTANA, CARLOS M.; PESSOA, ERIKA V. M.; RODRIGUES, LARISSA; ROSSI, RAFAELA; MOURA, MARCIO H. C.; DOS SANTOS-DONADO, PRISCILA R.; CASTRO, ERIQUE; FESTUCCIA, WILLIAM T.; GENOVESE, MARIA INES. Polyphenols of cambuci (Campomanesia phaea (O. Berg.)) fruit ameliorate insulin resistance and hepatic steatosis in obese mice. Food Chemistry, v. 340, MAR 15 2021. Web of Science Citations: 0.
RODRIGUES, LARISSA; DONADO-PESTANA, CARLOS M.; MOURA, MARCIO H. C.; ROSSI E SILVA, RAFAELA; PESSOA, ERIKA V. M.; GENOVESE, MARIA INES. Phenolic compounds from jaboticaba (Plinia jaboticaba (Vell.) Berg) ameliorate intestinal inflammation and associated endotoxemia in obesity. Food Research International, v. 141, MAR 2021. Web of Science Citations: 0.

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