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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Lactobacillus casei and Lactobacillus fermentum Strains Isolated from Mozzarella Cheese: Probiotic Potential, Safety, Acidifying Kinetic Parameters and Viability under Gastrointestinal Tract Conditions

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Author(s):
Salotti de Souza, Bruna Maria [1] ; Borgonovi, Tais Fernanda [1] ; Casarotti, Sabrina Neves [2] ; Todorov, Svetoslav Dimitrov [3] ; Barretto Penna, Ana Lucia [1]
Total Authors: 5
Affiliation:
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ, Dept Food Engn & Technol, Rua Cristovao Colombo 2265, BR-15054000 Sao Jose Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] UFMT Mato Grosso Fed Univ, Dept Food & Nutr, Fac Nutr, Cuiaba, MT - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Food Sci & Expt Nutr, Fac Pharmaceut Sci, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: PROBIOTICS AND ANTIMICROBIAL PROTEINS; v. 11, n. 2, p. 382-396, JUN 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 6
Abstract

The objective of this study was to evaluate the probiotic properties of Lactobacillus casei and Lactobacillus fermentum strains, as well as to select novel and safe strains for future development of functional fermented products. The in vitro auto-aggregation, co-aggregation, hydrophobicity, -galactosidase production, survival to gastrointestinal tract (GIT), and antibiotic susceptibility were evaluated. The selected strains were additionally tested by the presence of genes encoding adhesion, aggregation and colonization, virulence factors, antibiotic resistance, and biogenic amine production, followed by the evaluation of acidifying kinetic parameters in milk, and survival of the strains under simulated GIT conditions during refrigerated storage of fermented milk. Most strains of both species showed high auto-aggregation; some strains showed co-aggregation ability with other lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and/or pathogens, and both species showed low hydrophobicity values. Seven L. casei and six L. fermentum strains produced -galactosidase enzymes, and ten strains survived well the simulation of the GIT stressful conditions evaluated in vitro. All strains were resistant to vancomycin, and almost all the strains were resistant to kanamycin. L. casei SJRP38 and L. fermentum SJRP43 were distinguished among the other LAB strains by their higher probiotic potential. L. fermentum SJRP43 presented fewer genes related to virulence factors and antibiotic resistance and needed more time to reach the maximum acidification rate (V-max). The other kinetic parameters were similar. Both strains survived well (>8 log(10) CFU/mL) to the GIT-simulated conditions when incorporated in fermented milk. Therefore, these strains presented promising properties for further applications in fermented functional products. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/02131-8 - Selection and incorporation of a strain with probiotic potential to a food matrix supplemented with dietary fiber and effect of the symbiotic fermented product on the intestinal microbiota in the simulator of the human microbial ecosystem
Grantee:Ana Lúcia Barretto Penna
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 14/02132-4 - Selection and incorporation of a strain with probiotic potential to a food matrix supplemented with dietary fiber and effect of the symbiotic fermented product on the intestinal microbiota in the simulator of the human microbial ecosystem
Grantee:Sabrina Neves Casarotti
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate