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INCT 2014: National Institute of Science and Technology of Bioethanol

Grant number: 14/50884-5
Support type:Research Projects - Thematic Grants
Duration: July 01, 2017 - June 30, 2023
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Biology
Cooperation agreement: CNPq - INCTs
Principal Investigator:Marcos Silveira Buckeridge
Grantee:Marcos Silveira Buckeridge
Home Institution: Instituto de Biociências (IB). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Co-Principal Investigators:Anete Pereira de Souza ; Carlos Eduardo Driemeier ; Helaine Carrer ; Maria de Lourdes Teixeira de Moraes Polizeli ; Richard John Ward
Associated grant(s):18/14030-2 - Understanding plant cell wall architecture to improve enzymatic hydrolysis of lignocellulose, AP.R
Associated scholarship(s):18/25664-2 - Expression and purification of recombinants xylanolitics enzymes and study of their activities against wheat and sugar cane arabinoxylans, BP.DD
18/03764-5 - How do sugar sensing and signaling pathways control growth and development in sugarcane?, BP.PD
18/07033-5 - Multimodal imaging of the intrinsic and extrinsic inorganic components of sugarcane bagasse and straw, BP.PD

Abstract

During the second phase of the INCT-bioethanol we intend to integrate the knowledge obtained during the last 6 years to assemble enzyme consortia that will hydrolyze the cell walls of sugarcane quickly and efficiently. The main focus will be to design enzyme consortiums that can be used to hydrolyze diverse sugarcane biomasses as well as genetically and chemically transformed varieties. The aim is to define combinations of enzymes that can improve the hydrolysis process by identifying different patterns of correspondence between variations in cell wall composition and different enzyme consortia. The consortia will be assembled from the 70 or so different hydrolases available in the INCT collection. In order to achieve this integration, a high throughput saccharification system will be employed to run analyses initially with commercial enzyme cocktails. Samples with different levels of sugarcane biomass saccharification will be further analyzed in order to understand the relationship between the cell wall chemical variability and degree of hydrolysis. This will enable the identification of cell wall-related genetic markers that can be used to enhance existing varieties and direct the search for new varieties of sugarcane. Simultaneously, genes encoding cell wall hydrolases will be silenced or activated using an INCT collection of genes present in the genome of sugarcane. Manipulating these genes, will be possible to evaluate the respective impacts of hydrolysis on three major limiting factors to hydrolysis: porosity, glycomic code and macrofibrilar structure of biomass. The objective is to produce, in the long term, sugarcane plants that display internal mechanisms designed to facilitate hydrolysis, possibly coupled with controlled activation mechanism that induce plants to express specific hydrolases. The implications of gaining the knowledge to control the composition and turnover of cell walls go beyond the development of technologies for ethanol production. By controlling the process of cell wall formation and deposition, possibilities such as the use of sugarcane mills as true biorefineries become feasible. One example is the impact that the use of lignans or hemicellulosic polysaccharides, such as glucan and xyloglucan, may have on their use as food additives, in cosmetics and for medical applications. Therefore, the knowledge that will be produced by the INCT-bioethanol in this second phase will significantly strengthen the Brazilian position as a developer of novel biomaterials-based products further elevating the sustainability of the sugarcane system. It should be emphasized that the consolidation of procedures resulting in high efficiency hydrolysis in sugarcane will have a positive impact in the development of this type of process in other parts of the world, since cell walls of other grasses used for bioenergy production (e.g. maize, rice, sorghum and miscanthus) are in many ways similar. For this reason, this project will strengthen the Brazilian strategic goal to achieve a leading position as an exporter of 2G technologies to other countries. It is noteworthy that the INCT-bioethanol, already has the information to design strategies for sugarcane engineering to produce cell walls that are more amenable to hydrolysis. This type of technology opens the way for the engineering of other grasses of significant agronomic value. (AU)

Articles published in Agência FAPESP about the research grant
Researchers advance in the development of “papaya sugarcane” 
Researchers unveil stages of sugarcane development 
Brazilian ethanol can replace 13.7% of world’s crude oil consumption 
Articles published in other Midia (1 total):
Researchers Advance in the Development of “Papaya Sugarcane” 

Scientific publications (5)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
JARDIM, VINICIUS CARVALHO; SANTOS, SUZANA DE SIQUEIRA; FUJITA, ANDRE; BUCKERIDGE, MARCOS SILVEIRA. BioNetStat: A Tool for Biological Networks Differential Analysis. FRONTIERS IN GENETICS, v. 10, JUN 21 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.
TAVARES, EVELINE Q. P.; DE SOUZA, AMANDA P.; ROMIM, GRAYCE H.; GRANDIS, ADRIANA; PLASENCIA, ANNA; GAIARSA, JONAS W.; GRIMA-PETTENATI, JACQUELINE; DE SETTA, NATHALIA; VAN SLUYS, MARIE-ANNE; BUCKERIDGE, MARCOS S. The control of endopolygalacturonase expression by the sugarcane RAV transcription factor during aerenchyma formation. Journal of Experimental Botany, v. 70, n. 2, p. 497-506, JAN 15 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.
DRIEMEIER, CARLOS E.; LING, LIU Y.; YANCY-CABALLERO, DAISON; MANTELATTO, PAULO E.; DIAS, CARLOS S. B.; ARCHILHA, NATHALY L. Location of water in fresh sugarcane bagasse observed by synchrotron X-ray microtomography. PLoS One, v. 13, n. 12 DEC 6 2018. Web of Science Citations: 0.
SANTOS SALGADO, JOSE CARLOS; MELEIRO, LUANA PARRAS; CARLI, SIBELI; WARD, RICHARD JOHN. Glucose tolerant and glucose stimulated beta-glucosidases - A review. Bioresource Technology, v. 267, p. 704-713, NOV 2018. Web of Science Citations: 8.
FONSECA-MALDONADO, RAQUEL; MELEIRO, LUANA P.; MENDES, LUIS F. S.; ALVES, LUANA F.; CARLI, SIBELI; MORERO, LUCAS D.; BASSO, LUIS G. M.; COSTA-FILHO, ANTONIO J.; WARD, RICHARD J. Lignocellulose binding of a Cel5A-RtCBM11 chimera with enhanced beta-glucanase activity monitored by electron paramagnetic resonance. BIOTECHNOLOGY FOR BIOFUELS, v. 10, NOV 14 2017. Web of Science Citations: 1.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.
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