Environmental concerns and the risk of energy shortages are driving the transition to an economy based on renewable resources. Such a development, founded on the concept of biorefinery, aims to develop products and processes based on renewable raw materials and bioenergy. In Brazil, the most obvious example of this evolution is the sugarcane mills. Other sectors of the agribusiness have potential to follow this trend, particularly those based on biomass sources rich in edible oils. This project aims to study processes for producing biofuels and bioproducts from biomass sources rich in fats and carbohydrates, emphasizing the following research topics: a) extraction of edible oils from the solid matrix using bioethanol as solvent; b) refining of edible oils and production of fatty bioproducts; c) production and purification of ethyl biodiesel and its byproducts; d) production and purification of biofuels and bioproducts derived from sugar cane; e) investigation of solid-liquid equilibrium, formulation of bioproducts and physical properties of systems of interest for biorefineries. The project involves: i) experimental determination, correlation and development of predictive methods for the calculation of phase equilibrium data, reaction constants and physical properties of systems involved in the production of biofuels and bioproducts; ii) experimental evaluation and optimization of different steps of the production and purification of biofuels and bioproducts; iii) evaluation and optimization, by computer simulation, of the set of steps for producing and purifying bioproducts and biofuels. (AU)
Articles published in Agência FAPESP Newsletter about the research grant:
KAUFMANN, KARINE CRISTINE;
FAVERO, FLAVIA DE FAVERI;
MARCAL DE VASCONCELOS, MARCUS ARTHUR;
GODOY, HELENA TEIXEIRA;
SAMPAIO, KLICIA ARAUJO;
BARBIN, DOUGLAS FERNANDES.
Portable NIR Spectrometer for Prediction of Palm Oil Acidity.
Journal of Food Science,
Web of Science Citations: 0.